Kawachi, Kazuhiro

写真a

Affiliation

Faculty of Business and Commerce (Hiyoshi)

Position

Professor

Related Websites

External Links

Profile Summary 【 Display / hide

  • Some of my papers are available from:

    https://researchmap.jp/kazuhirokawachi/

    https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Kazuhiro-Kawachi-2/research/

Career 【 Display / hide

  • 1992.04
    -
    2000.02

    Keio Shiki Boys' Senior High School, Division of Foreign Languages, Full-time Teacher

  • 2008.10
    -
    2010.09

    National Defense Academy of Japan, Department of Foreign Languages, Assistant Professor

  • 2010.10
    -
    2017.03

    National Defense Academy of Japan, Department of Foreign Languages, Associate Professor

  • 2017.04
    -
    2021.03

    National Defense Academy of Japan, Department of Foreign Languages, Professor

  • 2021.04
    -
    Present

    Keio University, Faculty of Business and Commerce, Professor

Academic Background 【 Display / hide

  • 1983.04
    -
    1986.03

    Keio Boys' Senior High School

    Graduated

  • 1986.04
    -
    1990.03

    Keio University, Faculty of Business and Commerce

    University, Graduated

  • 1990.04
    -
    1992.03

    Keio University, Faculty of Letters

    University, Graduated

  • 1996.07
    -
    1996.08

    University of California, Berkeley, Teaching English as a Foreign Language Summer Institute

    United States, Completed

  • 1997.08
    -
    2007.06

    State University of New York at Buffalo, Department of Linguistics and Center for Cognitive Science Ph.D. program

    United States, Graduate School, Completed, Doctoral course

Academic Degrees 【 Display / hide

  • Ph.D. in Linguistics, State University of New York at Buffalo, 2007.06

Licenses and Qualifications 【 Display / hide

  • Teaching certificate for English at senior high school, 1990.03

  • Teaching certificate for English at junior high school, 1992.03

 

Research Areas 【 Display / hide

  • Humanities & Social Sciences / Linguistics

Research Keywords 【 Display / hide

  • Linguistic typology

  • Cognitive linguistics

  • Semantics and pragmatics

  • Syntax and morphology

  • Psycholinguistics

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Books 【 Display / hide

  • Motion Event Descriptions from a Cross-Linguistic Perspective

    Yo Matsumoto (ed.), De Gruyter Mouton, 2025,  Page: 379-409

    Scope: Chapter 11: Does the degree of integration of constructions iconically reflect motion event types? , Accepted

     View Summary

    Using two of the NINJAL MEDAL experiments with speakers of Sidaama (Highland-East Cushitic; Ethiopia), the present study tests a hypothesis concerning the integration of complex motion events. According to Croft et al. (2010), more typical or natural situations are likely to be expressed with a more tightly integrated construction than those that are less so. This appears to reflect the Iconicity Principle (Haiman 1983, 1985) (‘the closer the semantics, the tighter the morphosyntax’) in language use. However, it is not clear why components of a more typical or natural event are conceptually closer to each other than those of a less typical or natural one. The present study examines descriptions of video clips depicting motion events by speakers of Sidaama, and shows that as far as the Sidaama data is concerned, the typicality or naturalness of an event is not a factor in iconically giving rise to the use of a syntactically more integrated construction in motion event descriptions, uncovering inconsistency with Croft et al.’s hypothesis, except that speakers tend not to mention any manner for scenes for /Walk/, the most common manner of motion for humans. Specific problematic cases concern the highly unusual manners of motion in Sidaama culture, skipping and jumping once. For skipping, there is no lexical item that specifically describes this manner, and thus available lexical items that express similar manners are used instead; accordingly, the degree of the syntactic integration of the construction depends on the particular lexical item used for the manner. Motion events involving a figure’s arrival at a goal by jumping once are expressed with considerable frequency by means of a compact construction consisting of a manner verb and a goal noun phrase with a path marker because the property of ‘jumping once’ functions not only as the co-event of manner but also as the co-event of enablement or cause, as well as its short path, exhibiting iconicity in usage. The present study also points out that Sidaama rarely uses constructions that are not verb-framed, but does so only when a motion event is described as (at least potentially) aspectually incomplete.

  • Motion Event Descriptions from a Cross-Linguistic Perspective

    Yo Matsumoto (ed.), De Gruyter Mouton, 2024,  Page: 316-343

    Scope: Chapter 9: Kupsapiiny as a predominantly anti-verb-framed, non-head path-coding language. , Accepted

     View Summary

    The present study examines descriptions of motion events in the video clips for the NINJAL motion project by speakers of Kupsapiiny, a Southern Nilotic language of Uganda, and demonstrates that the typological pattern of this language, which has morphological path and deictic-directional satellites, can vary depending on the complexity of the construction used. Specifically, in using a single verb, it most frequently exhibits the satellite-framed pattern. In a more complex construction, a monoclausal multi-verb construction, it exhibits a different pattern. The most dominant subtype of the monoclausal multi-verb construction is one where a manner-of-motion verb as a main verb precedes the non-tensed form of a path-of-motion verb or a deictic-directional verb, a type of nonhead-framed (head-external path-coding) construction, which is neither satellite-framed nor verb-framed. Thus, even though verb-framed constructions exist as a type of single-verb construction and as a type of monoclausal multi-verb construction, Kupsapiiny consistently disfavors them. Hence, Kupsapiiny’s system does not fit in any of the three minor systems that Talmy (2000b) recognizes – split, parallel, and intermixed systems. It can be characterized as consistently anti-verb-framed, showing a head-external path-coding pattern that can be attested as the morphological satellite-framed construction, or alternatively, as the nonhead-framed, monoclausal multi-verb sub-construction as a pattern contrasting with the verb-framed pattern along a dimension different from Talmy’s dichotomy, where the satellite-framed pattern contrasts with it. It is pointed out that the two different anti-verb-framed constructions can be lumped together under “nonhead-framed” in Matsumoto’s (2003) terminology, or “head-external path coding” in Matsumoto’s (this volume) terminology.

    The present study also addresses other issues. First, in order to characterize the properties of Kupsapiiny in the context of motion typology, which deals with patterns of expressing motion events as macro-events, deictic direction needs to be taken into account. Deictic direction is mentioned in most descriptions, and path is so infrequently mentioned that it rarely contributes to the expression of macro-events. Second, a large difference in the choice between the single-verb and the nonhead-framed constructions was found among individual Kupsapiiny speakers. The extent of this cross-speaker difference remains unclear, as no specific factor can be pinpointed. Finally, the sort of factor in the construction choice dependent on event types as hypothesized by Croft et al. (2010) manifested only marginally in the Kupsapiiny data.

  • The Oxford Handbook of Ethiopian Languages.

    Ronny Meyer, Bedilu Wakjira, and Zelealem Leyew (eds.), Oxford University Press, 2023.04

    Scope: Chapter 17: Sidaama.,  Contact page: 320-343 , Accepted

     View Summary

    This chapter provides a sketch of the grammar of Sidaama, a Highland East Cushitic language spoken in the Sidaama Zone of south-central Ethiopia. After giving very brief background information on this language, it outlines the phonological system, lexical and grammatical categories, the morphology of its verbs, nouns, and adjectives, and the structure of its single-verb, multi-verb, and complex-clause constructions. Phenomena of particular typological interest described in the grammatical category section, the morphology section, and the clause structure section include noun-phrase clitics, the modification and the MODIFICATION distinctions of nouns, and external possessor constructions, respectively. The chapter also overviews different types of speech reports as well as focus- and topic-marking strategies and cleft-construction formation as topics of pragmatics.

  • Associated Motion

    Antoine Guillaume and Harold Koch (eds.), De Gruyter Mouton, 2021.02

    Scope: Chapter 19: The ‘along’–deictic-directional verb suffix complex in Kupsapiny.,  Contact page: 747-777 , Accepted

     View Summary

    https://doi.org/10.1515/9783110692099-019

  • Broader Perspectives on Motion Event Descriptions

    Yo Matsumoto and Kazuhiro Kawachi (eds.), John Benjamins., 2020.08,  Page: 324

    , Accepted

     View Summary

    https://doi.org/10.1075/hcp.69

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Papers 【 Display / hide

  • An investigation of Japanese causative constructions based on speakers’ acceptability ratings.

    Kazuhiro Kawachi

     2024

    Research paper (scientific journal), Single Work, Accepted

  • Long default and short indefinite noun forms in Kupsapiiny: Synchronic usage and diachronic development.

    Kazuhiro Kawachi

    Gengo Kenkyu: Journal of the Linguistic Society of Japan (Linguistic Society of Japan)  163   79 - 110 2023.01

    Research paper (scientific journal), Accepted,  ISSN  0024-3914

     View Summary

    In Kupsapiiny, a Southern Nilotic language of Uganda, nearly all common nouns in the singular or the plural have two forms depending on the presence vs. absence of a suffix. This study examines how long and short common noun forms (with and without the suffix, respectively) occur in discourse by means of Dryer’s (2014) Reference Hierarchy. It shows that short forms are only infrequently used for indefinites, with their mandatory use restricted to two types of indefinites, semantically nonspecific indefinites involving negation and true-predicate nominals, whereas long forms serve as frequently used, default forms, which occur not only in definite situations, but also – in fact, more commonly than short forms – in most indefinite situations. The present study hypothesizes that long forms have semantically generalized from forms marking definiteness, i.e., the speaker’s assumption about the identifiability or accessibility of the referent to the hearer (Givón 1995, 2001), to those indicating the speaker’s assumption about the accessibility of the referent (type) to the hearer (or sometimes the speaker themself) with the result that their context extended from definite situations to include most indefinite situations, as reported about the diachronic development of definite articles in other languages (e.g., Greenberg 1978). It speculates that the context extension for long forms was brought about by associations between referents in discourse based on the Gricean maxim of relation as well as subjectification. Other types of factors than the speaker’s assumption about the referent (type) accessibility and indefiniteness in the choice between long and short forms (lexical, constructional, contextual, and generational differences as well as special uses of short forms for definites) are also described. This study also points out that the Kupsapiiny noun system as a whole contradicts the grammatical form–frequency correspondence hypothesis (Haspelmath 2021).

  • Directness of causation and morphosyntactic complexity of constructions: Japanese and Korean cases.

    Kawachi, Kazuhiro, Sang-Hee Park, and Erika Bellingham

    Japanese/Korean Linguistics (Stanford, CA: CSLI Publications)  26   225 - 236 2020.07

    Research paper (scientific journal), Joint Work, Accepted,  ISSN  9781684000654

  • Different types of causality and clause linkage in English, Japanese, Sidaama, and Yucatec Maya.

    Kawachi, Kazuhiro, Erika Bellingham, and Jürgen Bohnemeyer

    Papers from the 18th National Conference of the Japanese Cognitive Linguistics Association (2017) (Japanese Cognitive Linguistics Association)  18   47 - 59 2018.06

    Research paper (international conference proceedings), Joint Work,  ISSN  1346-7964

  • Is Sidaama (Sidamo) a marked-nominative language?

    Kawachi, Kazuhiro

    LACUS Forum (2010) (Houston, TX: Linguistic Association of Canada and the United States.)  37   75 - 86 2017.03

    Research paper (scientific journal), Single Work, Accepted,  ISSN  0195-377X

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Papers, etc., Registered in KOARA 【 Display / hide

Reviews, Commentaries, etc. 【 Display / hide

  • Eigo to hoka ho gengo no idoo-dooshi no bunpooteki tokuchoo (Grammatical properties of motion verbs in English and other languages).

    Kazuhiro Kawachi

     2025

    Article, review, commentary, editorial, etc. (scientific journal)

  • Typology of motion expressions

    Kazuhiro Kawachi

     2025

    Article, review, commentary, editorial, etc. (scientific journal)

  • 新しいアフリカ言語研究

    大野仁美、河内一博、中川裕、米田信子、亀井伸孝、森壮也、宮本律子

    アフリカ研究 (日本アフリカ学会)   ( 100 ) 67 - 72 2021.12

    Article, review, commentary, editorial, etc. (scientific journal), Joint Work,  ISSN  0065-4140

  • クプサビニィ語とシダーマ語における通言語的傾向と類型タイプの現れ

    河内 一博

    日本言語学会第157回大会予稿集 (日本言語学会)     362 - 367 2018.11

    Article, review, commentary, editorial, etc. (scientific journal), Single Work

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Presentations 【 Display / hide

  • Associated motion in the context of Talmy’s motion typology.

    Kazuhiro Kawachi

    (Le Laboratoire Dynamique Du Langage, CNRS and Université Lumière Lyon 2) , 

    2024.02

    Symposium, workshop panel (nominated)

  • Gender marking on definite and indefinite noun phrases in Swedish.

    Tatjana Ilic and Kazuhiro Kawachi

    「類別詞と文法的性を中心にした文法的体言化に関する類型的研究」&「体言化の実証的な言語類型論 – 理論・フィールドワーク・歴史・方言の観点から –」合同研究会 於国立国語研究所(オンライン), 

    2023.10

  • Causatives cluster semantically by juncture level across languages.

    Erika Bellingham, Juergen Bohnemeyer, Andrea Ariño-Bizarro, Jing Du, James Essegbey, Stephanie Evers, Saima Hafeez, Iraide Ibarretxe-Antuñano, Pia Järnefelt, Kazuhiro Kawachi, Yu Li, Thomas Fuyin Li, Tatiana Nikitina, Sang-Hee Park, Anastasia Stepanova, Guillermo Montero-Melis, and Emamuel Bylund

    RRG 2023: International Conference on Role and Reference Grammar, 14-16 August 2023 at Heinrich-Heine-Universität Düsseldorf., 

    2023.08

    Oral presentation (general)

  • Grammaticalization of deictic-directional verbs into prior associated motion proclitics in Kupsapiiny: An investigation from a typological perspective.

    Kazuhiro Kawachi

    60th Meeting of the Japan Association for African Studies (Makuhari International Training Center) , 

    2023.05

    Japan Association for African Studies

  • Using statistical classification to discover cross-linguistic semantic prototypes: The causation domain.

    Juergen Bohnemeyer, Erika Bellingham, Andrea Ariño-Bizarro, Jing Du, James Essegbey, Stephanie Evers, Saima Hafeez, Iraide Ibarretxe-Antuñano, Pia Järnefelt, Kazuhiro Kawachi, Fuyin Thomas Li, Yu Li, Tatiana Nikitina, Sang-Hee Park, Anastasia Stepanova, Guillermo Montero-Melis and Emanuel Bylund

    97th Annual Meeting of the Linguistic Society of America at the Hyatt Regency Denver at Colorado Convention Center in Denver, Colorado, 

    2023.01

    Oral presentation (general)

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Research Projects of Competitive Funds, etc. 【 Display / hide

  • Studies on space, person, and time deixis based on East Africa languages data

    2022.06
    -
    2025.03

    MEXT, JSPS, Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research, Kazuhiro Kawachi, Grant-in-Aid for Challenging Research (Exploratory), Principal investigator

  • Crosslinguistic studies on grammatical nominalizations

    2022.04
    -
    2027.03

    MEXT, JSPS, Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research, Kazuhiro Kawachi, Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (B), Principal investigator

  • A cross-linguistic study of motion event and state-change event descriptions

    2019.04
    -
    2023.03

    MEXT, JSPS, Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research, Yo Matsumoto, Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (B), Coinvestigator(s)

  • Iconicity in language use: A cross-linguistic study of constructions used to describe causal events

    2019.04
    -
    2022.03

    MEXT,JSPS, Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research, Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (C), Principal investigator

  • Causality across Languages

    2015.08
    -
    2023.01

    National Science Foundation, Jürgen Bohnemeyer, Research grant, Other

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Awards 【 Display / hide

  • 山崎奨励賞

    2014.03

    Type of Award: Award from publisher, newspaper, foundation, etc.

  • Linguistic Association of Canada and the United States Presidents' Prize for 2009

    2009.08

    Type of Award: Award from international society, conference, symposium, etc.

  • College of Arts and Sciences Dissertation Fellowship, 2005-2006

    2005.08

    Type of Award: Other

 

Courses Taught 【 Display / hide

  • PRACTICAL ENGLISH SEMINAR 2

    2024

  • PRACTICAL ENGLISH SEMINAR 1

    2024

  • GENERAL EDUCATION SEMINAR (DB)

    2024

  • GENERAL EDUCATION SEMINAR (DA)

    2024

  • ENGLISH READING 1B(UPPER INTERMEDIATE)

    2024

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Courses Previously Taught 【 Display / hide

  • Japanese Linguistics

    Tokyo University of Foreign Studies

    2019.10
    -
    2022.03

    Autumn Semester, Undergraduate (specialized), Lecture, Outside own faculty (within Keio)

  • Topics in Linguistics

    Tokyo University of Foreign Studies

    2019.04
    -
    2022.07

    Spring Semester, Undergraduate (specialized), Lecture, Outside own faculty (within Keio)

  • Language and Communication/Introduction to Linguistics

    Tokyo University of Foreign Studies

    2017.04
    -
    2018.03

    Spring Semester, Undergraduate (specialized), Lecture, Outside own faculty (within Keio)

  • Introduction to linguistics

    Tokyo University of Foreign Studies

    2016.04
    -
    2016.07

    Spring Semester, Undergraduate (specialized), Lecture, Outside own faculty (within Keio)

  • Introduction to Morpho-syntactic and Semantic Typology (winter intensive course)

    Tokyo University of Foreign Studies

    2016.02
    -
    2022.03

    Other, Undergraduate (specialized), Outside own faculty (within Keio)

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Social Activities 【 Display / hide

  • Joint researcher at NINJAL

    2010.08
    -
    Present
  • Joint researcher at Osaka University

    2009.10
    -
    2012.03
  • Joint researcher at ILCAA

    2008.07
    -
    2024.03

Academic Activities 【 Display / hide

  • REVIEW -- Empirical Approaches to Linguistic Typology (De Gruyter), Linguistics: An Interdisciplinary Journal of the Language Sciences (De Gruyter), Studies in Language (John Benjamins), 『言語研究』、『認知言語学研究』、Studies in African Linguistics, Studies in Language Sciences, Linguistic Discovery, Journal of Asian and African Studies, Asian and African Lexicon, Nilo-Ethiopian Studies, Proceedings of the World Congress of African Linguistics, Linguistique et Langues Africaines, books published by Language Science Press, De Gruyter Mouton, etc.

    2012.04
    -
    Present

Memberships in Academic Societies 【 Display / hide

  • 日本認知言語学会, 

    2007.09
    -
    Present
  • 日本言語学会, 

    2007.10
    -
    Present
  • 日本英語学会, 

    2010.05
    -
    Present
  • Association for Linguistic Typology, 

    2010.10
    -
    Present
  • 日本アフリカ学会, 

    2016.01
    -
    Present

Committee Experiences 【 Display / hide

  • 2016.04
    -
    2018.03

    科学研究費委員会専門委員(英語学), 日本学術振興会

  • 2015.04
    -
    2024.03

    評議員 , 日本言語学会

  • 2014.05
    -
    2015.08

    大会運営委員, World Congress of African Linguistics

  • 2012.07
    -
    2015.06

    大会運営委員, 日本言語学会

  • 2011.11

    発表賞審査員2012年11月, 2014年06月, 2014年11月, 2018年06月, 2019年11月, 日本言語学会