Kawahara, Shigeto

写真a

Affiliation

Research Centers and Institutes, The Keio Institute of Cultural and Linguistic Studies (Mita)

Position

Professor

Related Websites

External Links

Profile 【 Display / hide

  • I received BA in Liberal Arts from International Christianity University in 2002 and PhD in Linguistics from the University of Massachusetts, Amherst in 2007. I taught at the University of Georgia for one year and moved to Rutgers, the State University of New Jersey. I stayed there for five years, serving as the director of the phonetics laboratory there. I moved to the Keio Institute of Cultural and Linguistic studies starting June 2013. Associate editor: Phonology, Language and Linguistic Compass. Editorial board: Phonetica; Natural Language and Linguistic Theory (NLLT); Phonological Data and Analysis; Languages

Career 【 Display / hide

  • 2008
    -
    2013

    Rutgers, the State University of New Jersey, the linguistics department, Assistant Professor

  • 2009
    -
    2013

    Rutgers, the State University of New Jersey, Graduate faculty in the psychology department

  • 2011
    -
    2013

    Rutgers, the State University of New Jersey, Rutgers University Center for Cognitive Science (RuCCs)

  • 2012.01
    -
    2012.02

    International Christian University, JICUF Visiting Scholar

  • 2007
    -
    2008

    University of Georgia, Assistant Professor

Academic Background 【 Display / hide

  • 2002
    -
    2007.09

    University of Massachusetts, Amherst

    United States, Graduate School, Completed, Doctoral course

  • 2006

    University of Tromsø

    Norway, Graduate School

  • 1998.04
    -
    2002.03

    International Christian University

    University, Graduated

  • 2000
    -
    2001

    University of California, Santa Cruz

    United States, University

Academic Degrees 【 Display / hide

  • Ph.D. (Linguistics), University of Massachusetts, Amherst, Coursework, 2007.09

    The Emergence of Phonetic Naturalness

  • 教養学士, 国際基督教大学, 2002.03

    Similarity among Variants: Output-Variant Correspondence

 

Research Areas 【 Display / hide

  • Humanities & Social Sciences / Linguistics (Phonetics)

  • Humanities & Social Sciences / Cultural anthropology and folklore (onomastics)

Research Keywords 【 Display / hide

  • phonetics, phonology, laboratory phonology

Research Themes 【 Display / hide

  • 濁音と促音の知覚・音韻, 

    2005.09
    -
    Present

  • 実験音韻論の手法, 

    2011.09
    -
    Present

  • 医療福祉音声学, 

    2013.09
    -
    Present

  • Linguistics and information theory, 

    2015.06
    -
    Present

  • Bayesian references in linguistic behavior, 

    2015.06
    -
    Present

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Books 【 Display / hide

  • フリースタイル言語学

    川原繁人, 大和書房, 2022.06

  • 音声学者、娘とことばの不思議に飛び込む~プリチュアからカピチュウ、おっけーぐるぐるまで~

    川原繁人, 朝日出版社, 2022.05

  • 言語学者、外の世界へ羽ばたく〜ラッパー・声優・歌手とのコラボからプリキュア・ポケモン名の分析まで〜

    川原繁人, リベラルアーツコトバ双書, 2022.04

  • IPAカード:楽しく学ぶ国際音声記号

    川原繁人、平田佐智子、桃生朋子, 2020

  • ICU Working Papers in Linguistics VII: Festschrift for Professor Tomoyuki Yoshida on his 60th Birthday

    Yurie Hara, Shigeto Kawahara, Seunghun Lee, 2019

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Papers 【 Display / hide

  • Speaking rate normalization across different talkers in the perception of Japanese stop and vowel length contrasts

    Kawahara, Shigeto, Misaki Kato and Kaori Idemaru

    Journal of the Acoustical Society of America  2022.03

    Research paper (scientific journal), Joint Work, Lead author, Accepted

  • The bouba/kiki effect is robust across cultures and writing systems

    Ćwiek A., Fuchs S., Draxler C., Asu E.L., Dediu D., Hiovain K., Kawahara S., Koutalidis S., Krifka M., Lippus P., Lupyan G., Oh G.E., Paul J., Petrone C., Ridouane R., Reiter S., Schümchen N., Szalontai Á., Ünal-Logacev Ö., Zeller J., Perlman M., Winter B.

    Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences (Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences)  377 ( 1841 )  2022

    ISSN  09628436

     View Summary

    The bouba/kiki effect - the association of the nonce word bouba with a round shape and kiki with a spiky shape - is a type of correspondence between speech sounds and visual properties with potentially deep implications for the evolution of spoken language. However, there is debate over the robustness of the effect across cultures and the influence of orthography. We report an online experiment that tested the bouba/kiki effect across speakers of 25 languages representing nine language families and 10 writing systems. Overall, we found strong evidence for the effect across languages, with bouba eliciting more congruent responses than kiki. Participants who spoke languages with Roman scripts were only marginally more likely to show the effect, and analysis of the orthographic shape of the words in different scripts showed that the effect was no stronger for scripts that use rounder forms for bouba and spikier forms for kiki. These results confirm that the bouba/kiki phenomenon is rooted in crossmodal correspondence between aspects of the voice and visual shape, largely independent of orthography. They provide the strongest demonstration to date that the bouba/kiki effect is robust across cultures and writing systems. This article is part of the theme issue 'Voice modulation: from origin and mechanism to social impact (Part II)'.

  • Testing MaxEnt with sound symbolism: A stripy wug-shaped curve in Japanese Pokémon names

    Kawahara S.

    Language (Language)  97 ( 4 ) e341 - e359 2021.12

    ISSN  00978507

     View Summary

    An issue that is actively explored in the contemporary linguistics literature is how to account for probabilistic generalizations, for which there are currently various competing theories. To bear on this debate, Hayes (2021) proposes that we examine a grammatical framework in terms of its quantitative signature, typical probabilistic patterns that the framework is predicted to generate. In this research report, I zoom in on the quantitative signature of maximum entropy harmonic grammar (MaxEnt HG), because this framework has proven useful in modeling probabilistic generalizations across different linguistic domains. Given a linear scale of violations of one constraint, MaxEnt yields a sigmoid curve. When another constraint is relevant and can be violated multiple times, this sigmoid curve can be shifted, yielding multiple sigmoid curves, which results in a stripy wug-shaped curve. Expanding upon a previous study (Kawahara 2020b), the current experiment demonstrates that we observe a stripy wug-shaped curve in a particularly clear manner in patterns of sound symbolism, systematic associations between sounds and meanings. Concretely, the experiment with Japanese speakers shows that the judgment of Pokémons’ evolution status is affected by the mora counts of nonce names, resulting in a sigmoid curve, and that this sigmoid curve is shifted according to the number of voiced obstruents contained in the names. The overall results suggest that MaxEnt is a useful tool for modeling systematic sound-meaning correspondences.*.

  • Bouba and kiki across the globe: Evidence for crossmodal correspondence in speakers of 25 different languages

    Cwiek, Aleksandra et al. (7th among 22 authors)

    Philosophical Transactions B.  2021.10

    Research paper (scientific journal), Joint Work, Accepted

  • The diachronic origins on Lyman’s Law: Evidence from phonetics, dialectology, and philology

    Vance, Timothy, Shigeto Kawahara and Mizuki Miyashita

    Phonology  2021.09

    Research paper (scientific journal), Joint Work, Accepted

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Papers, etc., Registered in KOARA 【 Display / hide

Reviews, Commentaries, etc. 【 Display / hide

  • Sound symbolism and theoretical phonology

    Kawahara S.

    Language and Linguistics Compass (Language and Linguistics Compass)  14 ( 8 )  2020.08

  • 子供の科学2019年6月号

     2019.05

    Article, review, commentary, editorial, etc. (trade magazine, newspaper, online media), Single Work

  • Opaque allomorph selection in Japanese and harmonic serialism: A reply to kurisu 2012

    Hall E., Jurgec P., Kawahara S.

    Linguistic Inquiry (Linguistic Inquiry)  49 ( 3 ) 599 - 610 2018.07

    ISSN  00243892

  • 連濁の心理言語学的研究

    KAWAHARA Shigeto

    連濁の研究 (開拓社)   2017.12

    Article, review, commentary, editorial, etc. (other), Joint Work

  • 生成音韻論における連濁の理論的分析

    川原 繁人 ・三間英樹

    連濁の研究 (開拓社)   2017.12

    Article, review, commentary, editorial, etc. (other), Joint Work

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Presentations 【 Display / hide

  • Does Lyman’s Law count?

    Shigeto Kawahara and Gakuji Kumagai

    Workshop accompanying Japanese/Korean Linguistics, 

    2021.10

    Oral presentation (invited, special)

  • Token frequency in the grammar: A wug-test of Voiced Velar Nasalization in Japanese

    Kawahara, Shigeto, Canaan Breiss & Hironori Katsuda

    Annual Meeting of Phonology, 

    2021.10

    Oral presentation (general)

  • 機械学習を用いたポケモン名における音象徴の分析:ランダムフォレスト を用いて

    川原繁人

    日本音声学会, 

    2021.09

    Oral presentation (general)

  • マイボイス: 言語学と医療の接点の一例として

    川原繁人

    日本言語学会, 

    2021.06

    Oral presentation (keynote)

  • Pokemonastics: what we are doing and why we are doing it

    Shigeto Kawahara

    University of College London, Colloquium, 

    2021.05

    Oral presentation (keynote)

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Research Projects of Competitive Funds, etc. 【 Display / hide

  • アジアと欧米:コミュニケーションの文化差から言語の獲得過程を探る

    2020.04
    -
    Present

    特別推進研究, No Setting

  • 音声科学に基づく英語発音指導教材の開発と整理 — MRI動画と音声記号カード

    2019.04
    -
    2020.03

    学事振興資金個人研究, No Setting

  • 実験音韻論と脳遺伝学に基づく潜在的な読字困難の指標化

    2018.04
    -
    2021.03

    科学研究費基盤研究, No Setting

  • 言語獲得初期における階層性学習と意図共有の脳内横構

    2018.04
    -
    2019.03

    科学研究費新学術領域研究 共創言語進化, No Setting

  • 宮古語池間方言と八重山語波照間方言における無声鼻音の研究

    2017.04
    -
    Present

    鹿島学術振興財団, No Setting, Coinvestigator(s)

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Awards 【 Display / hide

  • 日本音声学会学術研究奨励賞

    2016.03, 日本音声学会, マイボイス:難病患者様の失われる声を救う

     View Description

    http://www.psj.gr.jp/jpn/psj_awards

  • 2015年度日本音声学会学術研究奨励賞

    2016.03, 日本音声学会, マイボイス:難病患者様の失われる声を救う

    Type of Award: Other

  • JICUF Scholarship Award

    2012.01, Japan ICU Foundation

Other 【 Display / hide

  •  View Details

    Two is too much: Two is too much: [p]-driven geminate devoicing in Japanese. In Phonological
    Society of Japan (ed.) Phonological Studies 18. Tokyo: Kaitakusha

  •  View Details

    Testing Rosen’s Rule and Strong Lyman’s Law. NINJAL Research Papers 7: 111-120.

  •  View Details

    マイボイス:言語学が失われる声を救うために. In Phonological Society of Japan (ed.) Phonological Studies 18. Tokyo: Kaitakusha

  •  View Details

    音象徴の普遍性: 大きさのイメーシを基に. 篠原和子、宇野良
    子(編) オノマトヘ研究の射程: 近づく音と意味. 東京:ひつじ書房, pp. 43-57.

  •  View Details

    The phonetics of Japanese maid voice I: A preliminary study. In
    Phonological Society of Japan (ed.) Phonological Studies 16. Tokyo: Kaitakusha. pp.19-28.

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Courses Taught 【 Display / hide

  • ADVANCED STUDIES IN LINGUISTICS 12

    2022

  • ADVANCED STUDIES IN LINGUISTICS 11

    2022

  • ADVANCED STUDIES IN LINGUISTICS 12

    2021

  • ADVANCED STUDIES IN LINGUISTICS 11

    2021

  • ADVANCED STUDIES IN LINGUISTICS 12

    2020

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Courses Previously Taught 【 Display / hide

  • 言語学セミナー

    関西学院大学

    2018.04
    -
    2019.03

  • 言語学特殊

    慶應義塾大学

    2018.04
    -
    2019.03

  • Acoustic phonetics

    ICU

    2018.04
    -
    2019.03

  • Phonetics

    Rutgers University

    2018.04
    -
    2019.03

  • Topics in phonology

    Rutgers University

    2018.04
    -
    2019.03

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Educational Activities and Special Notes 【 Display / hide

  • 川原繁人の音声学入門

    2020.04
    -
    Present

    , Development of Textbook and Teaching Material

     View Details

    Youtubeで無料公開しているオンライン教材

  • ビジュアル音声学

    2018.06

    , Development of Textbook and Teaching Material

  • IPAカード:楽しく学ぶ国際音声記号

    2018.04
    -
    Present

    , Development of Textbook and Teaching Material

  • 「あ」は「い」より大きい!?:音象徴で学ぶ音声学入門

    2017.11

    , Development of Textbook and Teaching Material

     View Details

     

  • 音とことばのふしぎな世界(岩波サイエンスライブラリー)

    2015.11

    , Development of Textbook and Teaching Material

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Social Activities 【 Display / hide

  • 読売KODOMO新聞

    2019.08
  • 誠文堂新光社特集記事:子供の科学6月号

    2019.05
  • 毎日新聞

    2019.01
  • IPAカード 監修

    2018.11
    -
    Present
  • 読売KODOMO新聞:特集記事

    2018.05

Media Coverage 【 Display / hide

  • 朝日新聞

    2022.01

  • チコちゃんに叱られる!

    2022.01

  • アフター6ジャンクション

    2021.09

  • 朝日新聞

    朝日新聞, 2021.06

  • 多田しげおの気分爽快 朝からP.O.N

    2020.04

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Memberships in Academic Societies 【 Display / hide

  • Association of Laboratory Phonology, 

    2020.04
    -
    Present
  • Linguistic Society of America, 

    2020.04
    -
    Present
  • 日本音響学会

     
  • 日本音韻論学会

     
  • 日本音声学会