Shimpo, Fumio

写真a

Affiliation

Faculty of Policy Management (Shonan Fujisawa)

Position

Professor

External Links

Career 【 Display / hide

  • 1999.03
    -
    2001.03

    Researcher, Research Institute of Telecommunication and Economics

  • 2000.04
    -
    2000.08

    Lecturer, Himeji Dokkyo Univ.

  • 2001.04
    -
    2003.03

    Lecturer, Nishogakusha Univ.

  • 2001.04
    -
    2015.03

    Lecturer Meiji Univ.

  • 2001.11
    -
    2002.10

    Researcher, JIPDEC

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Academic Background 【 Display / hide

  • 1990.04
    -
    1994.03

    Hosei University, 経済学部, 経済学科

    University, Graduated

  • 1994.04
    -
    1996.03

    Komazawa University, 大学院法学研究科公法学専攻修士課程

    Graduate School, Completed

  • 1996.04
    -
    1999.03

    Komazawa University, 大学院法学研究科公法学専攻博士後期課程

    Graduate School, Completed

Academic Degrees 【 Display / hide

  • 博士(法学), Komazawa University, Coursework, 1999.03

    プライバシーの権利の実体的研究 : 憲法学上の新視座

  • Ph.D.in Law, Komazawa University, Coursework, 1999.03

 

Research Areas 【 Display / hide

  • Humanities & Social Sciences / Public law (Public Law)

  • Humanities & Social Sciences / New fields of law (New Types of Jurisprudence)

Research Keywords 【 Display / hide

  • AI

  • Cyber Law

  • Privacy

  • Robot

  • Robot Law

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Proposed Theme of Joint Research 【 Display / hide

  • AIと法

    Interested in joint research with industry (including private organizations, etc.),  Desired form: Funded Research, Cooperative Research, Other

  • バイオメトリクスの利用と法

    Interested in joint research with industry (including private organizations, etc.),  Desired form: Cooperative Research

  • Robot-Law

    Interested in joint research with industry (including private organizations, etc.),  Desired form: Funded Research, Cooperative Research

  • 個人情報保護

    Interested in joint research with industry (including private organizations, etc.),  Desired form: Cooperative Research

 

Books 【 Display / hide

  • Personal Data Protection Issues in the Context of Smart Cities Solutions

    Shimpo F., Mikusek P., Routledge Handbook of Energy Communities and Smart Cities, 2023.09

  • Privacy and Data Protection Law in Japan

    Fumio Shimpo, Kluwer Law International, 2023.08,  Page: 248

    Original author: Fumio Shimpo

     View Summary

    The Japanese personal information protection legal system and the protection of the right to privacy have been mainly developed based on tort law privacy. In particular, Japanese judicial precedents protecting the right to privacy have been influenced by the four common law privacy torts categorised by Dean William Prosser . Prosser restructured all invasions of privacy into four categories of torts and implanted his own taxonomy directly into the American Law Institute's Restatement 2nd of Torts.
    Regarding data protection law in general, the OECD established privacy guidelines in 1980, and the first Japanese personal information protection act for administrative organs was enacted eight years after the adoption of the OECD guidelines. However, it was not until 2003 that legislation was also developed to cover businesses which handle personal information in the private sector. Until then, voluntary efforts to protect personal information were made as a part of compliance. Throughout this period, efforts to protect personal information based on guidelines had been implemented before the enactment of the Personal Information Protection Act.
    In understanding the Japanese legal system, it should be noted that various guidelines have been established together with the law. These guidelines, which can be divided into those enacted by administrative organs and those enacted by private organisations, function as a set of rules for interpreting the law and also as an indicator for administrative organs to make decisions when enforcing the law. It is therefore necessary to understand that the guidelines are not merely standards to encourage purely voluntary efforts on the part of businesses and individuals, but also set out specific criteria for compliance with the law. Hence, in this manuscript, the guidelines are quoted in detail and specific standards are provided in order to clarify the specific criteria for interpretation of the commentary on the Protection of Personal Information Protection Act in Japan.

    PDF1

  • 公共政策と変わる法制度

    新保史生、和田龍磨 編, 慶應義塾大学出版会, 2023.03,  Page: 298

    Scope: ロボット法 ― AI・ロボット・サイバネティックアバターと法,  Contact page: 271-284

  • Frontiers in Artificial Intelligence and Applications

    Fumio Shimpo, IOS Press Ebooks, 2023.01

    Scope: Legal Issues Concerning Cybernetic Avatars,  Contact page: 640 - 648 Original author: Fumio Shimpo , Accepted

  • Research Handbook on the Law of Artificial Intelligence

    Woodrow Barfield,Ugo Pagallo (ed),SHIMPO Fumio, Edward Elgar Publishing Ltd, 2018.12

    Scope: The Principal Japanese AI and Robot Strategy and Research toward Establishing Basic Principles

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Papers 【 Display / hide

  • AI統治と法のゆくえ – AI規制法整備に向けた取り組みの国際的趨向 -

    新保史生

    法とコンピュータ (第一法規)  No.42 2024.07

    Lead author, Last author, Corresponding author,  ISSN  0289-0356

     View Summary

    AI統治(ガバナンス)の国際的な動向を把握するため、74の国及び機関のAI関係の法整備の状況を調査。国際的な取り組みについては、経済協力開発機構(OECD)、G7サミット、国際連合、AI Safety Summit、AI統治に向けた法整備に着手しているブラジル、カナダ、中国、EU、ペルー、イギリス、米国の現状を紹介。AI統治のゆくえを考える上での基礎資料として、AI規制に関する法整備の国際的な趨向を調査し分析する。

  • Authentication of Cybernetic Avatars and Legal System Challenges - With a View to the Trial Concept of New Dimensional Domain Jurisprudence (AI, Robot, and Avatar Law)-

    Fumio Shimpo

    Japanese Society and Culture  No.6   23 - 33 2024.03

    Research paper (scientific journal), Single Work, Lead author, Last author, Corresponding author, Accepted,  ISSN  2434-1738

     View Summary

    This article aims to illustrate the basis for the development of authentication, which will be the foundation of future cybernetic-avatar (CA) infrastructures, enabling the safe and secure use of CA’s. This will be realised by the authentication of CA operators (User Authentication Technology), identification and authentication of CA’s (CA Authentication), and ensuring connectivity and existence between operators (User Entities) and the CA’s themselves (CA Notarisation). An ELSI (Ethical, Legal, Social Implications) research platform will be established, to develop a new dimension of the legal field, that is, AI, Robot, and Avatar Law to solve the social issues and realise an avatar lifestyle.

  • AI規制の国際動向

    新保史生

    都市問題 ((公財)後藤・安田記念東京都市研究所)  2024年2月号 2024.02

    Research paper (scientific journal), Single Work, Lead author, Last author, Corresponding author

     View Summary

    民間部門におけるAIの利用や研究開発が注目されがちであるが、公的部門における利用において検討が必要な課題も多い。国外のAI規制に関する議論においては、行政におけるAI利用に関する方針も示されつつある。これらの点を踏まえ、各国のAI規制を紹介することで、AI技術の一層の発展と社会的な影響を探求し期待しつつも、AIの利用に関する適切な法規制やガイドライン等の整備の検討に資する現況を把握したい。

  • Effect of Robot Notification on Acquiring Permission to Use Personal Information

    Kazuki Sakai, Seiya Mitsuno, Midori Ban, Yuichiro Yoshikawa, Fumio Shimpo, Shinichiro Harata, Hiroshi Ishiguro

    HAI '23: Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Human-Agent Interaction (International Conference on Human-Agent Interaction)  December 2023   124 - 132 2023.12

    Research paper (scientific journal), Accepted

     View Summary

    With recent technological developments, such as machine learning, data collection has become increasingly important. However, due to privacy issues, there is an ethical problem in collecting data on everyday activities. In this study, we aimed to develop a mechanism for acquiring consent interactively by using a robot and, as a first step, focus on a dialogue strategy in which users feel safe to provide their data. Specifically, we investigated the effects of reminder and rationale provided by the robot in situations where consent is obtained. We conducted two experiments in which users conversed with a virtual robot agent in a crowd setting. We found that the robot reminder improved the degree of understanding regarding the use of data. In addition, the permission rate was improved by robot notifications. However, no effect of rationale was observed. These results contribute to the discussion on the ethical aspects of data collection by robots.

  • The Regulation, Management and Governance of AI

    新保史生

    情報通信政策研究 7 ( 1 ) 69 - 100 2023.11

    Research paper (scientific journal), Single Work, Lead author, Last author, Corresponding author,  ISSN  2433-6254

     View Summary

    This paper (i) proposes the "rules (regulations)" necessary for the research and development, use, sale and supply of AI systems and services, (ii) respects voluntary efforts to comply with them, (iii) establishes "rules (harmonised standards, technical standards and requirements)" to act as "de facto mandatory standards" in the sale and supply of services, (iv) establishes management system standards to plan, implement, check and act on them, (v) establishes a legal basis for disciplining these mechanisms, and (vi) establishes the 'AI Supervisory Commission (tentative name)', (vii) which will unveil the concept of AI regulation with the 'Japanese AI System Conformity Assessment System'.
    On the other hand, instead of continuing the trial-and-error approach of considering soft law, which is expected to be exclusively self-disciplining and may not need to be observed, the aim is to overcome the resistance to hard law associated with the introduction of regulations (such as legal prohibitions on substantive issues), against which there are persistent objections, and to address the issues of principles and guidelines that have been discussed so far. To achieve this goal, this paper attempts to move away from the theory of law and regulation avoidance, which leaves compliance to voluntary initiatives and does not regulate through hard law, to 'optimise' AI regulation in the light of international trends, and to propose new measures that will contribute to future AI regulatory policy in the research, development and use of AI.

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Papers, etc., Registered in KOARA 【 Display / hide

Reviews, Commentaries, etc. 【 Display / hide

  • EUのGDPR(一般データ保護規則)の特色と新たな個人データ移転の枠組み

    SHIMPO Fumio

    ブリタニカ(2019年版) (ブリタニカ・ジャパン)   2019.04

    Article, review, commentary, editorial, etc. (scientific journal), Single Work

  • 自動運転の導入に向けた制度的課題 -国内外におけるルール作りの最新動向-

    SHIMPO Fumio

    高速道路と自動車 60 ( 3 ) 1 - 2 2017.05

    Article, review, commentary, editorial, etc. (trade magazine, newspaper, online media), Joint Work

  • ロボット、AI、IoTと法

    SHIMPO Fumio

    旬刊経理情報 (中央経済社)  No.1477 ( 2017.4.10 ) 1 - 1 2017.04

    Article, review, commentary, editorial, etc. (trade magazine, newspaper, online media), Single Work

  • 情報セキュリティの変遷とそのゆくえ

    SHIMPO Fumio

    三田評論  ( 2月 ) 2 - 8 2017.02

    Article, review, commentary, editorial, etc. (trade magazine, newspaper, online media), Single Work

  • 法学、経済学、倫理学、工学など学際的に議論進む:米国のロボット法学研究の熱気

    SHIMPO Fumio

    日経Robotics 2016.08   2 - 5 2016.07

    Article, review, commentary, editorial, etc. (trade magazine, newspaper, online media), Single Work

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Presentations 【 Display / hide

  • AI規制の国際的趨勢

    新保史生

    堀部政男情報法研究会 第2期第4回シンポジウム (関西大学 東京センター) , 

    2024.03

    Oral presentation (general), 堀部政男情報法研究会

  • 生成AIに凌駕されない社会に向けて考えるべきこと

    新保史生、麻生典、大屋雄裕、杉山弘晃、長島光一

    情報ネットワーク法学会 (明治大学駿河台キャンパス 1073教室) , 

    2023.12

    Oral presentation (general), 情報ネットワーク法学会

     View Summary

    生成AIは、大量のデータを学習して新たなデータを生成することができ、画像・動画、音声・音楽、テキスト生成や翻訳など多様なコンテンツを生成する際に威力を発揮しつつある。「汎用型AI(Artificial General Intelligence)」ではないが、より人間に近い能力を発揮できる汎用性の高いAIを利用する文字通りのAI時代の幕開けを予感させるものである。生成AIの汎用性ゆえに、AIの驚異的な有用性の実感とともに、具体的な危険性や脅威を認識する転機となりつつある。
     本研究会では、生成AIの可能性と法的課題について、我が国における対話知能学の研究の最前線を把握し、生成AIに凌駕されない社会に向けて考えるべきことを議論する。

  • 新AI規制試案

    新保史生

    第48回法とコンピュータ学会 (早稲田大学小野記念講堂) , 

    2023.11

    Oral presentation (general), 法とコンピュータ学会

  • 新たなAI規制の制度設計 - 日本版AIシステム適合性評価制度の創設に向けた提案 -

    新保史生

    情報法制学会 第7回研究⼤会 (慶應義塾大学三田キャンパス北館ホール) , 

    2023.11

    Oral presentation (general), 情報法制学会

  • 人間レベルの対話システムの高度化に伴い人間側に必要な課題

    新保史生

    新学術領域研究「対話知能学」2023年度公開シンポジウム (日本科学未来館 未来館ホール) , 

    2023.09

    Oral presentation (general), 新学術領域研究「対話知能学」

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Research Projects of Competitive Funds, etc. 【 Display / hide

  • Realization of Society where Cybernetic-Avatars will be Used Safely and with Trust

    2022.10
    -
    Present

    Keio University, Research grant, Principal investigator

  • 誰もが自在に活躍できるアバター共生社会の実現

    2020.10
    -
    2023.03

    科学技術振興機構, ムーンショット型研究開発プロジェクト, Research grant, Coinvestigator(s)

  • 対話知能システムの研究開発及び社会実装のための法社会規範の研究

    2019.06
    -
    2024.03

    MEXT,JSPS, Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research, Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research on Innovative Areas, Principal investigator

  • IoT環境における自律ロボットの法的課題

    2017.04
    -
    2020.03

    公益財団法人KDDI財団, 公益財団法人KDDI財団2017年度調査研究助成, Research grant, Principal investigator

  • Trans-disciplinary Research Project on Co-designing Social Systems (Law, Economics and Management) and AI/Robot Technologies

    2016.11
    -
    2019.10

    The Research Institute of Science and Technology for Society (RISTEX), Japan Science and Technology Agency (JST), Human Information Technology Ecosystem(HITE), Fumio Shimpo, Research grant, Principal investigator

     View Summary

    Research subjects are expected to expand to those associated with "new services" and "changes in social infrastructures" for which artificial intelligence (AI) is utilized. In order to predict the possible effects of rapid technical development on society and discuss social systems, it is desirable to set up evaluation axes from interdisciplinary and diversified standpoints. In Japan, however, no one has attempted to systematically study the effects of AI and robotics on society, and preparations for social system construction in anticipation of technical development, such as new laws, economic systems, and management strategies, are not enough.

    Amid the third AI boom, certain new problems occurring at the points of contact between technology and society, such as technical unemployment, have been emphasized. AI and robotics are highly versatile, and the existing social frameworks and rules established by humans do not necessarily conform to social frameworks and rules based on the use and application of AI and robotics. While they contain many potential issues, it is difficult to briefly predict problems that may occur in the future. Therefore, a "society where information technology and humans fit together" can be considered a culture in which problems and risks that are expected to occur can be avoided, and the sense of values desired is reflected.

    The purpose of this study is to collaboratively create how future technology and society should be through dialogue between researchers in the following fields: AI and robotics, law, ethics, economics and management relating to social systems, and various stakeholders, such as Japanese companies leading the use and application of AI and robotics. In addition, we will aim to suggest systems necessary to build cutting-edge rules and social infrastructures as a global hub.

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Works 【 Display / hide

  • ビッグデータの取扱いをめぐる法的責任と情報管理のあり方

    SHIMPO Fumio

    東京, 

    2013.02
    -
    Present

    Other, Single

  • マイナンバー制度について

    SHIMPO Fumio

    千葉県, 

    2012.11
    -
    Present

    Other, Single

  • スマートフォン利用者の個人情報保護

    SHIMPO Fumio

    東京, 

    2012.10
    -
    Present

    Other, Single

  • マイナンバー導入による個人情報保護の責務と施策

    SHIMPO Fumio

    東京, 

    2012.09
    -
    Present

    Other, Single

     View Details

    [講義項目]1.マイナンバー法の構造
    2.マイナンバー法案の修正点
    3.安心できる番号制構築のための仕組み
    4.個人番号情報保護委員会(三条機関)設置の意義
    5.特定個人情報保護評価指針の構成
    6.マイナンバー時代の個人情報保護のあり方

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Awards 【 Display / hide

  • 平成30年度情報通信月間推進協議会会長表彰

    2018.06, 情報通信月間推進協議会, 情報通信功績賞

    Type of Award: Other

     View Description

    経済協力開発機構(OECD)デジタル経済政策委員会(CDEP)のデジタル経済セキュリティ・プライバシー作業部会(SPDE)の副議長を務めるなど、情報通信分野における国際的な制度枠組みの構築に多大な貢献をした。

  • Nextcom 情報通信論文賞

    新保 史生, 2017.01, 公益財団法人KDDI財団, ロボット法学の幕開け

    Type of Award: Award from publisher, newspaper, foundation, etc.

  • 第18回「電気通信普及財団賞」

    SHIMPO Fumio, 2003, 電気通信普及財団, テレコム社会科学賞 奨励賞

    Type of Award: Award from publisher, newspaper, foundation, etc.

  • 第1回「ドコモ・モバイル・サイエンス賞」

    SHIMPO Fumio, 2003, モバイル・コミュニケーション・ファンド, 奨励賞

    Type of Award: Award from publisher, newspaper, foundation, etc.

 

Courses Taught 【 Display / hide

  • SEMINAR A

    2024

  • MASTER SEMINAR

    2024

  • LAW AND POLICY ASPECTS OF CYBERSECURITY

    2024

  • INFORMATION LAW

    2024

  • INDEPENDENT RESEARCH

    2024

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Courses Previously Taught 【 Display / hide

  • システム管理論

    筑波大学

    2018.04
    -
    2019.03

  • 情報メディア実験・演習

    筑波大学

    2018.04
    -
    2019.03

  • ネットワーク社会法制度研究

    筑波大学

    2018.04
    -
    2019.03

  • ネットワーク社会法制度論Ⅰ

    筑波大学

    2018.04
    -
    2019.03

  • サイバー法

    明治大学

    2018.04
    -
    2019.03

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Memberships in Academic Societies 【 Display / hide

  • 情報法制学会, 

    2016.12
    -
    Present
  • 人工知能学会, 

    2016.04
    -
    Present
  • 電子情報通信学会, 

    2012.04
    -
    Present
  • 情報処理学会, 

    2007
    -
    Present
  • 日本公法学会, 

    2007
    -
    Present

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Committee Experiences 【 Display / hide

  • 2024.01
    -
    2025.03

    地方税共同機構機構処理税務情報保護委員会委員, 地方税共同機構機構処理税務情報保護委員会

  • 2023.07
    -
    Present

    第31期東京都立図書館協議会委員, 第31期東京都立図書館協議会

  • 2023.07
    -
    2025.06

    情法通信学会編集委員長, 情法通信学会

  • 2021.08
    -
    2023.06

    情報通信学会副会長, 情報通信学会

  • 2021.01
    -
    Present

    情報法制学会代表, 情報法制学会

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