Kaseda, Kaoru

写真a

Affiliation

School of Medicine, Department of Surgery (General Thoracic Surgery) (Shinanomachi)

Position

Senior Assistant Professor (Non-tenured)/Assistant Professor (Non-tenured)

Academic Degrees 【 Display / hide

  • 博士(医学), Keio University, Dissertation, 2016.10

Licenses and Qualifications 【 Display / hide

  • 医師免許証, 2006.04

  • 外科専門医, 2011.12

  • がん治療認定医, 2013.04

  • 呼吸器外科専門医, 2014.01

  • 肺がんCT検診認定機構 肺がんCT検診認定医, 2014.10

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Research Areas 【 Display / hide

  • Life Science / Respiratory surgery

Research Keywords 【 Display / hide

  • Thoracic Surgery

Research Themes 【 Display / hide

  • Lung Cancer, 

    2011.04
    -
    Present

Proposed Theme of Joint Research 【 Display / hide

  • Lung Cancer

 

Papers 【 Display / hide

  • Safety and efficacy of salvage surgery for non-small cell lung cancer: a retrospective study of 46 patients from four Keio-affiliated hospitals

    Suzuki S., Asakura K., Okui M., Sawafuji M., Shigenobu T., Tajima A., Kaseda K., Masai K., Hishida T., Asamura H.

    General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery (General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery)  70 ( 10 ) 891 - 899 2022.10

    ISSN  18636705

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    Objectives: Advances in drug therapy and radiotherapy for non-small cell lung cancer resulted in an increased number of salvage surgeries for initially unresectable tumors. This study aimed to evaluate the safety and efficacy of salvage surgery for non-small cell lung cancer. Methods: We defined salvage surgery as (1) surgery for local recurrence/residual tumor after definitive chemoradiotherapy/radiotherapy (salvage surgery in a narrow sense) or (2) conversion surgery after non-surgical treatment. We retrospectively analyzed patients who underwent salvage surgery at four Keio University-affiliated hospitals. Results: Forty-six patients were included. The initial clinical stage was I in 4 patients (9%), III in 19 (41%), and IV in 23 (48%). Initial treatment before salvage surgery was chemoradiotherapy in 10 patients (24%), radiotherapy in 4 (9%), and drug therapy in 32 (67%). Pneumonectomy, lobectomy, segmentectomy, and wedge resection were performed in 2 (4%), 37 (80%), 3 (7%), and 4 (9%) patients, respectively. Complete resection was achieved in 41 patients (89%). Postoperative complications occurred in 11 patients (24%). Initial chemoradiotherapy/radiotherapy was an independent predictor of postoperative complications (odds ratio 10, p = 0.03). The 30- and 90-day mortality rates were 0 and 2%, respectively. The 5-year overall and progression-free survival rates were 66 and 30%, respectively. Conclusion: The safety and efficacy of salvage surgery for non-small cell lung cancer were acceptable. Salvage surgery was a viable treatment option for selected patients with recurrent/residual tumors after non-surgical treatments.

  • Separate evaluation of unilateral lung function using upright/supine CT in a patient with diaphragmatic paralysis

    Suzuki T., Asakura K., Yamada Y., Yamada M., Yokoyama Y., Okubo Y., Masai K., Kaseda K., Hishida T., Asamura H., Jinzaki M.

    Radiology Case Reports (Radiology Case Reports)  17 ( 8 ) 2826 - 2830 2022.08

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    Background: Unilateral diaphragmatic paralysis is a condition in which the unilateral diaphragm is paralyzed and elevated. Orthopnea due to lung compression by an elevated diaphragm in the supine position is common in patients with unilateral diaphragmatic paralysis. Although its symptom is posture-dependent, the effect of posture on lung function in unilateral diaphragmatic paralysis has not been studied. Computed tomography (CT) can be used to assess lung volume. However, conventional CT cannot be performed in the upright position. A pulmonary function test can be performed in both upright and supine positions. However, it cannot evaluate the function of each lung separately. Case presentation: We report a case of a 79-year-old man with unilateral diaphragmatic paralysis. He presented with difficulty in inspiration, specifically in the supine position, and underwent both conventional supine CT and newly developed upright CT to assess the effect of posture on the function of each lung. The difference between expiratory and inspiratory lung volumes on CT in the supine position was less than that in the upright position by 46% and 4% on affected and healthy sides, respectively. We previously reported that the difference between expiratory and inspiratory lung volumes on CT correlated with inspiratory capacity on the pulmonary function test. A 46% decline in inspiratory capacity on the affected side in the supine position likely caused orthopnea in this patient. Conclusions: Supine/upright CT is helpful to assess the influence of posture on unilateral lung function in patients with unilateral diaphragmatic paralysis.

  • Double stapling method for closure of intraoperative alveolar air leakage adjacent to the staple line: a randomized experimental study on ex vivo porcine lungs

    Suzuki T., Asakura K., Egawa T., Kawauchi M., Okubo Y., Masai K., Kaseda K., Hishida T., Asamura H.

    Journal of Thoracic Disease (Journal of Thoracic Disease)  14 ( 6 ) 2045 - 2052 2022.06

    ISSN  20721439

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    Background: Alveolar air leakage from a pleural defect around the staple line is one of the complications after wedge resection of the lung. An intraoperative closure of the pleural defect by suturing can cause additional pleural rupture due to tension of the pleura adjacent to staple lines. Therefore, we have introduced a novel closure method for pleural defect adjacent to the staple line, named the double stapling method. This study compared the efficacy of two closure methods; the double stapling method and conventional suturing method with pledgets using ex vivo porcine lungs. Methods: The double stapling method involves closing the pleural defect by suturing the two parallel staple lines at both sides of the pleural defect. This method was developed to distribute the pleural tension around the needle holes of suturing. As a model of pleural defect adjacent to the staple line after wedge resection, wedge resection of the caudal lobe of left porcine lungs was performed, and a superficial square pleural defect (10 mm × 10 mm) adjacent to the staple line was made by scalpel. The defect was closed using the following two methods: (I) suturing with pledgets (n=10); and (II) double stapling method (n=10). The lobe was inflated in water at an airway pressure of 20, 25, and 30 cmH2O; closure success or failure was judged by the absence or presence of air leakage. Results: The closure success was confirmed in 2 (20%) out of 10 cases in the suturing with pledgets group and 9 (90%) out of 10 in the double stapling method group (P=0.007). In 4 out of 10 cases in the suturing with pledgets group, new pleural clefts longer than 3 mm were created around the needle holes of suturing. Conclusions: Ex vivo experiments have suggested the superiority of the double stapling method for the intraoperative closure of alveolar air leakage adjacent to the staple line after wedge resection, compared to conventional suturing with the pledget method.

  • Hemoptysis after coil embolization for pulmonary arteriovenous malformation: Histopathological confirmation of bronchial epithelium extension

    Yanagihara T., Shimohira M., Inoue M., Nakayama K., Tamura M., Nakatsuka S., Hattori H., Emoto K., Yokota K., Okuda K., Nakanishi R., Kaseda K., Maeda C., Asakura K., Hiwatashi A.

    Radiology Case Reports (Radiology Case Reports)  17 ( 6 ) 2101 - 2105 2022.06

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    Coil embolization is widely performed for pulmonary arteriovenous malformations (PAVMs). We describe herein 2 cases of hemoptysis during long-term follow-up after coil embolization for PAVMs. For both cases, lobectomy was performed and histopathological examinations revealed chronic inflammation and bronchial epithelium extension into the sac of the PAVM. In addition, we performed a systematic review of previous reports of hemoptysis after embolization for PAVMs.

  • Four cases of completion lobectomy for locally relapsed lung cancer after segmentectomy

    Suzuki S., Asakura K., Masai K., Kaseda K., Hishida T., Asamura H.

    World Journal of Surgical Oncology (World Journal of Surgical Oncology)  19 ( 1 )  2021.12

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    Background: Although completion lobectomy is the treatment of choice for local recurrence of non-small cell lung cancer after segmentectomy, few cases have been reported. We report four patients who underwent completion lobectomies for staple line recurrence after segmentectomy for stage I non-small cell lung cancer. Case presentation: Three women aged 65, 82, and 81 years underwent completion lower lobectomy after superior segmentectomy of the same lobe for local recurrence of stage I non-small cell lung cancer. A 67-year-old man, who had a tumor recurrence on the staple line after apical segmentectomy with superior mediastinal nodal dissection for stage I non-small cell lung cancer, underwent completion right upper lobectomy. These four patients underwent segmentectomy because of comorbidities or advanced age. Local recurrence was confirmed by computed tomography-guided needle biopsy. The interval between the two operations was 37, 39, 41, and 16 months, respectively. Although minimal hilar adhesion was seen for the three completion lower lobectomies, tight adhesions after apical segmentectomy made completion right upper lobectomy quite difficult to dissect, which led to injury of the superior pulmonary vein. No recurrence was recorded after completion lobectomies for 62, 70, 67, and 72 months, respectively. Conclusions: Although completion lobectomy is one of the most difficult modes of resection, among several completion lobectomies, completion lower lobectomy after superior segmentectomy without superior mediastinal nodal dissection was relatively easy to perform because of fewer hilar adhesions.

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Papers, etc., Registered in KOARA 【 Display / hide

Reviews, Commentaries, etc. 【 Display / hide

Research Projects of Competitive Funds, etc. 【 Display / hide

  • Hemoglobin vesicles ameriolate allograft airway rejection

     

    No Setting

 

Courses Taught 【 Display / hide

  • LECTURE SERIES, SURGERY

    2022

  • INTRODUCTION TO CLINICAL CLERKSHIPS

    2022

  • CLINICAL TRAINING IN DIAGNOSIS

    2022

  • LECTURE SERIES, SURGERY

    2021

  • INTRODUCTION TO CLINICAL CLERKSHIPS

    2021

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Memberships in Academic Societies 【 Display / hide

  • 日本外科学会

     
  • 日本呼吸器外科学会

     
  • 日本胸部外科学会

     
  • 日本呼吸器内視鏡学会

     
  • 日本肺癌学会

     

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