Kazekami, Sachiko

写真a

Affiliation

Faculty of Business and Commerce (Mita)

Position

Professor

 

Research Areas 【 Display / hide

  • Humanities & Social Sciences / Economic policy

  • Humanities & Social Sciences / Public economics and labor economics

Research Keywords 【 Display / hide

  • Labor Economics

 

Books 【 Display / hide

  • 労働経済

    清家篤・風神佐知子, 東洋経済新報社, 2020.09

Papers 【 Display / hide

  • Regional Differences in the Epidemic Shock on the Local Labor Market and its Spread

    Sachiko Kazekami

    LABOUR (Wiley (John Wiley & Sons, Inc.))  00   1 - 30 2021.12

    Research paper (scientific journal), Single Work, Accepted

     View Summary

    First, using the sequential linear panel data-estimation model and maps, we demonstrate the relocation of job-posting places, especially for part-time jobs. We use data on the number of job postings at the public employment security office in Japan. These changes in the posting places are clearly observable in the retail trade for part- and full-time jobs. In contrast, we do not find discernible relocation in the information-services industry. The impact of the COVID-19 shock varies by geographic location. However, if people’s mobility rate, the number of infected people, or the declaration of the state of emergency are controlled for, the number of job postings differs among areas.
    Therefore, second, this study explores the factors that account for the differences in the number of job offers among areas. We find that industrial diversity increases the number of job postings for part- and full-time jobs in 2021, that is, one year after the first wave of the pandemic began. In contrast, industrial specialization has a negative impact in 2021. Higher rigidity of finance decreases the number of part-time job postings immediately after the first wave of the pandemic because local governments cannot provide various support measures to create jobs. However, this financial effect disappears with time. Furthermore, higher financial capability positively affects part-time job postings, although they are not efficient in creating full-time jobs. The unemployment rate in 2015 negatively affects the regional differences in job postings after 2021. Regarding whether firms seek regions with rich human resources, the result is unexpectedly unclear.

  • Negative Correlation between Working from Home and Computerization, and Avoiding Damage from COVID-19

    Sachiko Kazekami

    SSRN  2021.02

  • アフターコロナの働き方改革

    風神佐知子

    証券アナリストジャーナル 59 ( 1 ) 45 - 51 2021.01

    Single Work

  • Mechanisms to improve labor productivity by performing telework

    Sachiko Kazekami

    Telecommunications Policy (Elsevier)  44 ( 2 )  2020.03

    Research paper (scientific journal), Single Work, Accepted,  ISSN  0308-5961

     View Summary

    This study investigates mechanisms underlying the influence of telework on labor productivity in Japan. First, this study finds that appropriate telework hours increase labor productivity, but when telework hours are too long, telework decreases labor productivity. Second, telework increases life satisfaction, and life satisfaction improves labor productivity. However, telework increases the stress of balancing work and domestic chores, contrary to Japanese governmental expectations, and the stress decreases life satisfaction. The stress, fortunately, does not directly reduce labor productivity. Although telework increases happiness and work satisfaction, these factors do not influence labor productivity. Third, this study clarifies that telework is more efficient for improving labor productivity if workers commute more than 1 hour or commute by trains or buses that are usually very crowded during rush hours in Japan. Finally, the effect of telework for workers who have a greater number of potential trivial duties is insignificantly larger. Supervisors and colleagues often ask others to perform trivial, extra tasks without regard for schedules. Telework may help workers avoid such trivial duties and increase labor productivity. However, the importance of trivial duties is also demonstrated in this study.

  • Local Multipliers, Mobility, and Agglomeration Economies

    KAZEKAMI Sachiko

    Industrial Relations 56 ( 3 ) 489 - 513 2017.07

    Research paper (scientific journal), Single Work, Accepted

     View Summary

    This paper demonstrates that when one new job is generated by attracting a new
    business in the tradable sector in a local economy, a significant number of additional
    jobs are created in the nontradable sector when labor mobility is high.
    However, these multipliers disappear when labor mobility is low. This paper confirms
    that regions with higher labor inflow have larger multipliers. Furthermore,
    the spillover effect of agglomeration economies in the tradable sector is significantly
    positive on the nontradable sector.

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Papers, etc., Registered in KOARA 【 Display / hide

Reviews, Commentaries, etc. 【 Display / hide

  • 多様化する働き方と賃金の在り方

    KAZEKAMI Sachiko

    時局 (時局社)   ( 4月 ) 38 - 39 2018.03

    Article, review, commentary, editorial, etc. (trade magazine, newspaper, online media), Single Work

  • 人手不足と賃金(オープンカレッジ)

    KAZEKAMI Sachiko

    中部経済新聞  2017.10

    Other, Single Work

  • インタビュー series academia

    d's Journal  2021.10

  • デジタル時代の働き方の展望について

    風神佐知子

    人と国土21 9月 2021.09

    Single Work

Presentations 【 Display / hide

  • Regional Difference of the Epidemic Shock on Local Labor Market and its Spread

    風神佐知子

    日本経済学会2021年度秋季大会 (大阪大学/オンライン開催) , 

    2021.10

    Oral presentation (general)

  • Regional Difference of the Epidemic Shock on Local Labor Market and its Spread

    Sachiko Kazekami

    中央大学経済学研究科リサーチ・ワークショップ, 

    2021.06

    Public lecture, seminar, tutorial, course, or other speech

  • Regional Difference of the Epidemic Shock on Local Labor Market and its Spread

    風神佐知子

    東京労働経済学研究会 (オンライン開催) , 

    2021.06

    Public lecture, seminar, tutorial, course, or other speech, 東京労働経済学研究会

     View Summary

    This study demonstrates the regional differences in the epidemic shock on the local labor market and evaluates the spread from the non-tradable sectors damaged by the COVID-19 pandemic to the other sectors. We use the number of job posting data in Japan to demonstrate this difference.
    This study controls mobility, the monthly average of infected people, and the industrial structure in the pre-pandemic era that determines the local consumption and labor demand. Under such controlled conditions, the diversity of industrial structure measured by the number of establishments positively impacted the number of job postings from April to December in 2020 after the first wave of the COVID-19 pandemic. By contrast, the financial rigidity of the local government negatively impacts the number of job postings. This study examines whether firms consider the human capital resources of the local labor market. However, unlike our expectations, the rate of admissions into universities from high school decreases the number of job postings. The unemployment rate does not affect the job offers.
    This study examines the Tokyo and Osaka commuting zones between April and December 2020, to investigate where jobs are offered. We find that the surrounding areas of the central cities in the commuting zones recover the number of job posting faster than the central cities. The dramatic increase in the prefectures outside of Tokyo and Osaka commuting zones was not observed from April to December 2020. The pandemic has affected the non-tradable sectors, while the economic crisis affected the tradable sectors such as manufacturing. This study demonstrates that the spread effect from the shock in the non-tradable sectors maybe smaller than that in the tradable sectors.

  • Does investment in software avoid damage from COVID-19?

    Sachiko Kazekami

    (オンライン開催) , 

    2020.12

    Public lecture, seminar, tutorial, course, or other speech, 中央大学

  • How does “trickle-down effect of employment” stop?

    the EALE SOLE AASLE World Conference (Berlin, Germany) , 

    2020.06

    Poster presentation, European Association of Labour Economists (EALE), the Society of Labor Economists (SOLE), and the Asian and Australasian Society of Labour Economics (AASLE)

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Research Projects of Competitive Funds, etc. 【 Display / hide

  • 雇用の質を考慮した地域・企業規模間等の定量的な雇用の波及過程と効果の研究

    2019.04
    -
    2024.03

    MEXT,JSPS, Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research, Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (C), Principal investigator

 

Courses Taught 【 Display / hide

  • SEMINAR (QD)

    2022

  • SEMINAR (QC)

    2022

  • SEMINAR (QB)(PAST YEARS)

    2022

  • SEMINAR (QB)

    2022

  • SEMINAR (QA)(PAST YEARS)

    2022

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Courses Previously Taught 【 Display / hide

  • 研究会

    Keio University

    2018.04
    -
    2019.03

    Full academic year, Seminar

  • 労働経済学Ⅱ

    Keio University

    2018.04
    -
    2019.03

    Autumn Semester, Lecture

  • 労働経済学Ⅰ

    Keio University

    2018.04
    -
    2019.03

    Spring Semester, Lecture

 

Social Activities 【 Display / hide

  • 第124回経団連労使フォーラム 鼎談「ポストコロナを見据えた働き方改革の新たな取組み」

    一般社団法人 経団連事業サービス

    2021.01

Memberships in Academic Societies 【 Display / hide

  • American Economic Association, 

    2011.04
    -
    Present
  • 法と経済学会, 

    2006.04
    -
    Present
  • 日本経済学会, 

    2006.04
    -
    Present
  • 日本労務学会, 

    2005.04
    -
    Present

Committee Experiences 【 Display / hide

  • 2020.08
    -
    2020.12

    これからのテレワークでの働き方に関する検討会, 厚生労働省

  • 2019.10
    -
    2021.09

    国土審議会専門委員, 国土交通省

  • 2019.09
    -
    2020.10

    今後の若年者雇用に関する研究会, 厚生労働省

  • 2019.07
    -
    2021.07

    常任理事, 事務局長, 日本労務学会

  • 2018.07
    -
    2022.03

    地域活性化雇用創造プロジェクト評価選定委員会, 厚生労働省

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