山田 稔 (ヤマダ ミノル)

Yamada, Minoru

写真a

所属(所属キャンパス)

医学部 日本メジフィジックス核医学寄附講座 (信濃町)

職名

特任准教授(有期)

 

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  • Differences in airway lumen area between supine and upright computed tomography in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

    Chubachi S., Yamada Y., Yamada M., Yokoyama Y., Tanabe A., Matsuoka S., Niijima Y., Yamasawa W., Irie H., Murata M., Fukunaga K., Jinzaki M.

    Respiratory Research (Respiratory Research)  22 ( 1 )  2021年12月

    ISSN  14659921

     概要を見る

    Background: No clinical studies to date have compared the inspiratory and expiratory airway lumen area between supine and standing positions. Thus, the aims of this study were twofold: (1) to compare inspiratory and expiratory airway lumen area (IAA and EAA, respectively) on computed tomography (CT) among supine and standing positions; and (2) to investigate if IAA and EAA are associated with lung function abnormality in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Methods: Forty-eight patients with COPD underwent both low-dose conventional (supine position) and upright CT (standing position) during inspiration and expiration breath-holds and a pulmonary function test (PFT) on the same day. We measured the IAA and EAA in each position. Results: For the trachea to the third-generation bronchi, the IAA was significantly larger in the standing position than in the supine position (4.1–4.9% increase, all p < 0.05). The EAA of all bronchi was significantly larger in the standing position than in the supine position (9.7–62.5% increases, all p < 0.001). The correlation coefficients of IAA in the standing position and forced expiratory volume in 1 s were slightly higher than those in the supine position. The correlation coefficients of EAA or EAA/IAA in the standing position and residual volume, and the inspiratory capacity/total lung capacity ratio were higher than those in the supine position. Conclusions: Airway lumen areas were larger in the standing position than in the supine position. IAAs reflect airway obstruction, and EAAs reflect lung hyperinflation. Upright CT might reveal these abnormalities more precisely. Trial registration University Hospital Medical Information Network (UMIN 000026587), Registered 17 March 2017. URL: https://upload.umin.ac.jp/cgi-open-bin/ctr/ctr_view.cgi?recptno=R000030456.

  • Three-dimensional evaluation of the coccyx movement between supine and standing positions using conventional and upright computed tomography imaging

    Yagi F., Yamada Y., Yamada M., Yokoyama Y., Mukai K., Nakahara T., Narita K., Jinzaki M.

    Scientific Reports (Scientific Reports)  11 ( 1 )  2021年12月

     概要を見る

    Currently, no three-dimensional reference data exist for the normal coccyx in the standing position on computed tomography (CT); however, this information could have utility for evaluating patients with coccydynia and pelvic floor dysfunction. Thus, we aimed to compare coccygeal parameters in the standing versus supine positions using upright and supine CT and evaluate the effects of sex, age, and body mass index (BMI) on coccygeal movement. Thirty-two healthy volunteers underwent both upright (standing position) and conventional (supine position) CT examinations. In the standing position, the coccyx became significantly longer and straighter, with the tip of the coccyx moving backward and downward (all p < 0.001). Additionally, the coccygeal straight length (standing/supine, 37.8 ± 7.1/35.7 ± 7.0 mm) and sacrococcygeal straight length (standing/supine, 131.7 ± 11.2/125.0 ± 10.7 mm) were significantly longer in the standing position. The sacrococcygeal angle (standing/supine, 115.0 ± 10.6/105.0 ± 12.5°) was significantly larger, while the lumbosacral angle (standing/supine, 21.1 ± 5.9/25.0 ± 4.9°) was significantly smaller. The migration length of the tip of the coccyx (mean, 7.9 mm) exhibited a moderate correlation with BMI (r = 0.42, p = 0.0163). Our results may provide important clues regarding the pathogenesis of coccydynia and pelvic floor dysfunction.

  • Saphenous vein valve assessment utilizing upright CT to potentially improve graft assessment for bypass surgery

    Nakahara T., Yamada M., Yokoyama Y., Yamada Y., Narita K., Imanishi N., Yamazaki M., Shimizu H., Narula J., Jinzaki M.

    Scientific Reports (Scientific Reports)  11 ( 1 )  2021年12月

     概要を見る

    Saphenous veins (SVs) are frequently employed as bypass grafts. The SV graft failure is predominantly seen at the valve site. Avoiding valves during vein harvest would help reduce graft failure. We endeavored to detect SV valves, tributaries, and vessel size employing upright computed tomography (CT) for the raw cadaver venous samples and in healthy volunteers. Five cadaver legs were scanned. Anatomical analysis showed 3.0 (IQR: 2.0–3.0) valves and 13.50 (IQR: 10.00–16.25) tributaries. The upright CT completely detected, compared to 2.0 (IQR: 1.5–2.5, p = 0.06) valves and 9.5 (IQR: 7.5–13.0, p = 0.13) tributaries by supine CT. From a total of 190 volunteers, 138 (men:75, women:63) were included. The number of valves from the SF junction to 35 cm were significantly higher in upright CT than in supine CT bilaterally [upright vs. supine, Right: 4 (IQR: 3–5) vs. 2 (IQR:1–2), p < 0.0001, Left: 4 (IQR: 3–5) vs. 2 (IQR: 1–2), p < 0.0001]. The number of tributaries and vessel areas per leg were also higher for upright compared with supine CT. Upright CT enables non-invasive detection of SV valves, tributaries, and vessel size. Although not tested here, it is expected that upright CT may potentially improve graft assessment for bypass surgery.

  • Effect of gravity on brain structure as indicated on upright computed tomography

    Yokoyama Y., Yamada Y., Kosugi K., Yamada M., Narita K., Nakahara T., Fujiwara H., Toda M., Jinzaki M.

    Scientific Reports (Scientific Reports)  11 ( 1 )  2021年12月

     概要を見る

    We aimed to use upright computed tomography (CT) to depict posture-related changes in the brain tissue under normal gravity. Thirty-two asymptomatic volunteers underwent upright CT in the sitting position and conventional CT in the supine position on the same day. We compared the shift of the pineal body, cerebellar tonsil, the length of pituitary stalk, optic nerve sheath area and perimeter (ONSA and ONSP, respectively), and lateral ventricular volume between the supine and sitting positions. We also compared shape changes of the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) spaces at different sites between both positions. In the sitting position, the pineal body shifted 0.68 ± 0.27 mm in the ventral direction and 0.76 ± 0.24 mm in the caudal direction, the length of pituitary stalk decreased by 1.23 ± 0.71 mm, the cerebellar tonsil descended by 2.10 ± 0.86 mm, the right ONSA decreased by 15.21 ± 6.54%, the left ONSA decreased by 15.30 ± 7.37%, the right ONSP decreased by 8.52 ± 3.91%, the left ONSP decreased by 8.20 ± 4.38%, and the lateral ventricular volume decreased by 5.07 ± 3.24% (all P < 0.001). We also observed changes in the shape of CSF spaces with changes in posture. We concluded that the intracranial structure of healthy subjects and volume of ventricles changed according to posture on Earth.

  • Outcomes of the Nuss procedure for pectus excavatum in adults

    Sakamoto Y., Yokoyama Y., Nagasao T., Yamada Y., Yamada M., Jinzaki M., Kishi K.

    Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgery (Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgery)  74 ( 9 ) 2279 - 2282 2021年09月

    ISSN  17486815

     概要を見る

    Limited data exist with regard to the outcome of the Nuss procedure for pectus excavatum repair in adults. Here, we analysed changes in lung capacity and thoracic morphology based on computed tomography (CT) imaging in adults with pectus excavatum before surgery, during bar insertion and after bar removal. Patients who underwent the Nuss procedure for pectus excavatum after the age of 20 were included in this study. Chest CT scans of the included participants were taken before the Nuss procedure, immediately before removal of the pectus bar and 6 months after removal of the pectus bar. Lung capacity and thoracic morphology measurements were made from the CT scans. Six patients aged 24–43 years were included in this study. After the Nuss procedure, lung capacity was decreased in all patients. Although the pectus bar was removed, lung capacity had not significantly increased and was almost the same volume as before the Nuss procedure. After the Nuss procedure, the funnel chest shape had improved in all cases, patients’ thoracic spine had also moved forward as the thorax moved forward and patients’ stoop had improved. Despite a lack of change in lung capacity, surgical modification should be considered to reduce stress on the thoracic spine and in turn, reduce pain in patients with pectus excavatum. However, further long-term observation seems necessary.

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  • 破綻しやすいプラークの特徴である微小石灰化のモダリティ毎の検出能の評価

    2018年04月
    -
    2021年03月

    文部科学省・日本学術振興会, 科学研究費助成事業, 山田 稔, 若手研究, 補助金,  研究代表者