Sumali, Brian



Faculty of Science and Technology (Yagami)


Project Assistant Professor (Non-tenured)/Project Research Associate (Non-tenured)/Project Instructor (Non-tenured)


Papers 【 Display / hide

  • Evaluation of olive oil effects on human stress response by measuring cerebral blood flow

    Mitsukura Y., Sumali B., Nara R., Watanabe K., Inoue M., Ishida K., Nishiwaki M., Mimura M.

    Food Science and Nutrition (Food Science and Nutrition)  9 ( 4 ) 1851 - 1859 2021.04

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    In this paper, we evaluated the effects of olive oil on human's stress level. In recent years, mental stress from harsh working environment have been causing serious problems to human health, both mentally and physically. Symptoms of stress may include feelings of worthlessness, agitation, anxiety, lethargy, insomnia, and behavioral changes. Additionally, the harsh working environments may cause the workers to adopt unhealthy dietary habits, contributing to the health issue. On the other hand, olive oil has been known to provide stress-relieving effects both by ingestion and by inhaling the scent. Here, we examined the effects of extravirgin olive oil ingestion for mitigating stress from deskwork. Three best-selling extravirgin olive oil in Japan were tested, and typing task was selected to emulate deskwork situation. Near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) is utilized in this study to visualize the response in brain via cerebral blood flow analysis and to measure participants’ stress level. Statistical analysis showed that the stress levels were lower during the olive oil ingestion experiment compared to no-oil experiment, even when measured one hour after the ingestion.

  • Establishing robust feature point detection and tracking methods for face orientation

    Sumali B., Hamada N., Mitsukura Y.

    IEEJ Transactions on Electronics, Information and Systems (IEEJ Transactions on Electronics, Information and Systems)  141 ( 3 ) 367 - 372 2021.03

    ISSN  03854221

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    Recently, there has been an increasing need of a face alignment or facial feature point tracking for applying face recognition, facial expression estimation, face attributes prediction, and clinical face observation etc. This study proposes a robust facial feature tracking method against camera shake and face orientation changes. The method applies a cascaded composed learning (CCL) based facial feature point tracking method by incorporating optical flow for improving tracking accuracy and robustness. Experiments are conducted to show that efficient tracking is achieved by performing CCL combined with initial shape estimation via the optical flow.

  • Sleep stage estimation from bed leg ballistocardiogram sensors

    Mitsukura Y., Sumali B., Nagura M., Fukunaga K., Yasui M.

    Sensors (Switzerland) (Sensors (Switzerland))  20 ( 19 ) 1 - 21 2020.10

    ISSN  14248220

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    Ballistocardiogram (BCG) is a graphical representation of the subtle oscillations in body movements caused by cardiovascular activity. Although BCGs cause less burden to the user, electrocardiograms (ECGs) are still commonly used in the clinical scene due to BCG sensors’ noise sensitivity. In this paper, a robust method for sleep time BCG measurement and a mathematical model for predicting sleep stages using BCG are described. The novel BCG measurement algorithm can be described in three steps: preprocessing, creation of heartbeat signal template, and template matching for heart rate variability detection. The effectiveness of this algorithm was validated with 99 datasets from 36 subjects, with photoplethysmography (PPG) to compute ground truth heart rate variability (HRV). On average, 86.9% of the inter-beat intervals were detected and the mean error was 8.5ms. This shows that our method successfully extracted beat-to-beat intervals from BCG during sleep, making its usability comparable to those of clinical ECGs. Consequently, compared to other conventional BCG systems, even more accurate sleep heart rate monitoring with a smaller burden to the patient is available. Moreover, the accuracy of the sleep stages mathematical model, validated with 100 datasets from 25 subjects, is 80%, which is higher than conventional five-stage sleep classification algorithms (max: 69%). Although, in this paper, we applied the mathematical model to heart rate interval features from BCG, theoretically, this sleep stage prediction algorithm can also be applied to ECG-extracted heart rate intervals.

  • The project for objective measures using computational psychiatry technology (PROMPT): Rationale, design, and methodology

    Kishimoto T., Takamiya A., Liang K.c., Funaki K., Fujita T., Kitazawa M., Yoshimura M., Tazawa Y., Horigome T., Eguchi Y., Kikuchi T., Tomita M., Bun S., Murakami J., Sumali B., Warnita T., Kishi A., Yotsui M., Toyoshiba H., Mitsukura Y., Shinoda K., Sakakibara Y., Mimura M.

    Contemporary Clinical Trials Communications (Contemporary Clinical Trials Communications)  19 2020.09

    ISSN  24518654

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    Introduction: Depressive and neurocognitive disorders are debilitating conditions that account for the leading causes of years lived with disability worldwide. However, there are no biomarkers that are objective or easy-to-obtain in daily clinical practice, which leads to difficulties in assessing treatment response and developing new drugs. New technology allows quantification of features that clinicians perceive as reflective of disorder severity, such as facial expressions, phonic/speech information, body motion, daily activity, and sleep. Methods: Major depressive disorder, bipolar disorder, and major and minor neurocognitive disorders as well as healthy controls are recruited for the study. A psychiatrist/psychologist conducts conversational 10-min interviews with participants ≤10 times within up to five years of follow-up. Interviews are recorded using RGB and infrared cameras, and an array microphone. As an option, participants are asked to wear wrist-band type devices during the observational period. Various software is used to process the raw video, voice, infrared, and wearable device data. A machine learning approach is used to predict the presence of symptoms, severity, and the improvement/deterioration of symptoms. Discussion: The overall goal of this proposed study, the Project for Objective Measures Using Computational Psychiatry Technology (PROMPT), is to develop objective, noninvasive, and easy-to-use biomarkers for assessing the severity of depressive and neurocognitive disorders in the hopes of guiding decision-making in clinical settings as well as reducing the risk of clinical trial failure. Challenges may include the large variability of samples, which makes it difficult to extract the features that commonly reflect disorder severity. Trial Registration: UMIN000021396, University Hospital Medical Information Network (UMIN).

  • Speech quality feature analysis for classification of depression and dementia patients

    Sumali B., Mitsukura Y., Liang K.C., Yoshimura M., Kitazawa M., Takamiya A., Fujita T., Mimura M., Kishimoto T.

    Sensors (Switzerland) (Sensors (Switzerland))  20 ( 12 ) 1 - 17 2020.06

    ISSN  14248220

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    Loss of cognitive ability is commonly associated with dementia, a broad category of progressive brain diseases. However, major depressive disorder may also cause temporary deterioration of one’s cognition known as pseudodementia. Differentiating a true dementia and pseudodementia is still difficult even for an experienced clinician and extensive and careful examinations must be performed. Although mental disorders such as depression and dementia have been studied, there is still no solution for shorter and undemanding pseudodementia screening. This study inspects the distribution and statistical characteristics from both dementia patient and depression patient, and compared them. It is found that some acoustic features were shared in both dementia and depression, albeit their correlation was reversed. Statistical significance was also found when comparing the features. Additionally, the possibility of utilizing machine learning for automatic pseudodementia screening was explored. The machine learning part includes feature selection using LASSO algorithm and support vector machine (SVM) with linear kernel as the predictive model with age-matched symptomatic depression patient and dementia patient as the database. High accuracy, sensitivity, and specificity was obtained in both training session and testing session. The resulting model was also tested against other datasets that were not included and still performs considerably well. These results imply that dementia and depression might be both detected and differentiated based on acoustic features alone. Automated screening is also possible based on the high accuracy of machine learning results.

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