Hasegawa, Yasushi

写真a

Affiliation

School of Medicine, Department of Surgery (General and Gastroenterological Surgery) (Shinanomachi)

Position

Assistant Professor/Senior Assistant Professor

 

Papers 【 Display / hide

  • Clinical characteristics and predictive factors of postoperative intra-abdominal abscess after distal pancreatectomy

    Nakano Y., Endo Y., Kitago M., Nishiyama R., Yagi H., Abe Y., Hasegawa Y., Hori S., Tanaka M., Shimane G., Soga S., Egawa T., Okuda S., Kitagawa Y.

    Langenbeck's Archives of Surgery (Langenbeck's Archives of Surgery)  408 ( 1 )  2023.12

    ISSN  14352443

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    Purpose: The postoperative mortality rate of distal pancreatectomy is lower than that of pancreaticoduodenectomy, although persistent complications may occur after distal pancreatectomy. Fluid collection (FC) is frequently observed after distal pancreatectomy; however, FC may occasionally progress to postoperative intra-abdominal abscess (PIAA), which requires conservative or progressive interventional treatment. This study aimed to compare the status between patients with or without PIAA, identify predictive factors for PIAA and clinically relevant postoperative pancreatic fistula, and investigate the clinical characteristics of patients with PIAA with interventional drainage. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed data of patients who underwent distal pancreatectomy between January 2012 and December 2019 at two high-volume centers, where hepatobiliary-pancreatic surgeries were performed by expert specialist surgeons. Logistic regression analysis was performed to determine the predictive factors for PIAA. Results: Overall, 242 patients were analyzed, among whom 49 (20.2%) had PIAA. The median postoperative period of PIAA formation was 9 (range: 3–49) days. Among the 49 patients with PIAA, 25 (51.0%) underwent percutaneous ultrasound, computed tomography, or endoscopic ultrasound-guided interventions for PIAA. In the univariate analysis, preoperative indices representing abdominal fat mass (i.e., body mass index, subcutaneous fat area, and visceral fat area) were identified as predictive factors for PIAA; in the multivariate analysis, C-reactive protein (CRP) level (continuous variable) on postoperative day (POD) 3 (odds ratio: 1.189, 95.0% confidence interval: 1.111 − 1.274; P < 0.001) was the only independent and significant predictive factor for PIAA. Conclusions: CRP level on POD 3 was an independent and significant predictive factor for PIAA after distal pancreatectomy.

  • Risk Assessment of Liver Transplantation After Kasai Portoenterostomy in Children and Adults

    Udagawa D., Hasegawa Y., Obara H., Yamada Y., Shinoda M., Kitago M., Abe Y., Kuroda T., Kitagawa Y.

    Journal of Surgical Research (Journal of Surgical Research)  290   109 - 115 2023.10

    ISSN  00224804

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    Introduction: Reports of liver transplantation (LT) after Kasai portoenterostomy (KPE) in adult patients with biliary atresia are scarce. The aim of this study was to evaluate the outcomes and investigate the risk factors of LT after KPE in both pediatric and adult patients. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed a prospective database of patients with biliary atresia who underwent LT after KPE. Eighty-nine consecutive patients were included, and risk factors for in-hospital mortality after LT were assessed. Results: The median age of the patients was 2 y (range, 0-45 y). Forty-six patients (51.7%) had a history of upper abdominal surgery after KPE. The in-hospital mortality rate was 5.6% (5 patients). Of these, 80% of patients with mortality were aged ≥17 y, and all patients with mortality had a history of two or more upper abdominal surgeries. In the univariate and receiver operating characteristic curve analyses, age ≥17 y and the number of previous upper abdominal surgeries ≥2 were identified as possible risk factors. Conclusions: Our study suggests that older age and multiple previous upper abdominal surgeries are important risk factors for mortality after LT following KPE. We believe that these findings will serve as indications for safe LT in future patients.

  • Prognostic impact of preoperative skeletal muscle change from diagnosis to surgery in patients with perihilar cholangiocarcinoma

    Hayashi K., Abe Y., Kitago M., Yagi H., Hasegawa Y., Hori S., Tanaka M., Nakano Y., Kitagawa Y.

    Annals of Gastroenterological Surgery (Annals of Gastroenterological Surgery)  7 ( 3 ) 523 - 532 2023.05

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    Background: Loss of skeletal muscle mass is a prognostic factor after surgery for gastrointestinal cancers. The treatment for perihilar cholangiocarcinoma (PHC) is a highly invasive surgery. Biliary drainage and portal vein embolization, which can prolong the preoperative waiting time (PWT), are often required before surgery. Assuming that the skeletal muscle mass can change during PWT, we investigated the clinical effect of skeletal muscle change on surgical outcomes of PHC. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 89 patients who underwent curative surgery for PHC from January 2013 to December 2019. We defined the psoas muscle area (PMA) at the third lumbar vertebra as the skeletal muscle mass. The PMA just before surgery was divided by that at the time of diagnosis, and we defined it as the rate of change of PMA (CPMA). Patients were divided into two groups according to CPMA: wasting (n = 44, below the median CPMA) and no-change (n = 45, above the median CPMA). Results: The median PWT was 63 d, and CPMA was 96.1%. The median recurrence-free survival and overall survival were significantly shorter in the wasting group than in the no-change group (8.0 vs 33.2 mo, P = 0.001 and 14.2 vs 48.7 mo, P < 0.001, respectively). Multivariate analysis revealed that histological differentiation, R1 resection, lymph node metastasis, and preoperative skeletal muscle wasting were independent prognostic factors of PHC. Conclusion: This study suggests that preoperative skeletal muscle wasting in patients with PHC has a negative effect on survival outcomes.

  • Clot waveform analysis for perioperative hemostatic monitoring in a hemophilia A patient on emicizumab undergoing liver transplantation

    Awane M., Wakui M., Ozaki Y., Kondo Y., Oka S., Fujimori Y., Yatabe Y., Arai T., Yamada Y., Hori S., Obara H., Hasegawa Y., Matsushita H.

    Clinica Chimica Acta (Clinica Chimica Acta)  544 2023.04

    ISSN  00098981

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    How to optimize perioperative factor VIII (FVIII) replacement through hemostatic monitoring is critically important to manage hemophilia A patients. The bispecific antibody emicizumab binds activated FIX (FIXa) and FX to functionally mimic FVIIIa. While being used for hemostatic control in hemophilia A, this therapeutic antibody inconveniently interferes with coagulation tests using human FIXa and FX, such as activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT) and FVIII activity measurement based on one-stage clotting assays. Clot waveform analysis (CWA) extends the interpretation of measurement curves for coagulation time to provide global information. We performed APTT-CWA to monitor perioperative hemostasis in a hemophilia A patient on emicizumab undergoing liver transplantation. Plasma samples were treated with anti-idiotype monoclonal antibodies against emicizumab to enable accurate coagulation assays. Kinetics of maximum coagulation velocity and acceleration mimicked that of FVIII activity. These CWA parameters better correlated with FVIII activity than APTT. The plateaus of them were observed at FVIII activity of 100% or more, supporting the protocol for perioperative FVIII replacement. Thus, CWA may measure coagulation potential in hemophilia A patients undergoing liver transplantation, aiding in optimizing perioperative hemostasis.

  • Extrahepatic approach for taping the common trunk of the middle and left hepatic veins or the left hepatic vein alone in laparoscopic hepatectomy (with videos)

    Nakano Y., Abe Y., Kitago M., Yagi H., Hasegawa Y., Hori S., Koizumi W., Ojima H., Imanishi N., Kitagawa Y.

    Journal of Hepato-Biliary-Pancreatic Sciences (Journal of Hepato-Biliary-Pancreatic Sciences)  30 ( 2 ) 192 - 201 2023.02

    ISSN  18686974

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    Background: Outflow control is difficult, and techniques required for effectively handling intraoperative hemorrhage during laparoscopic hepatectomy have not previously been adequately reported. Methods: Sixteen patients underwent surgery, of which 15 underwent laparoscopic left hepatectomy and one underwent laparoscopic partial hepatectomy of the caudate lobe. Encircling and taping of the common trunk of the middle (MHV) and left hepatic veins (LHV) was performed in 12 patients, and that of the LHV alone in four patients. Surgical techniques based on anatomical landmarks and histological findings are presented with videos. Histological confirmation of the anatomical landmarks for these procedures was performed in fresh cadavers to understand the anatomical structures and layers involved. Results: The median procedure duration was 15 (6-25) minutes. All procedures were performed safely with no major bleeding. Histological findings showed fibrous connective tissue between the tunica adventitia of the inferior vena cava (IVC) and the Laennec’s capsule of the liver. The layer of dissection was along the tunica adventitia of the IVC. Conclusions: The surgical techniques for encircling and taping of the common trunk of the MHV and LHV and the LHV alone based on anatomical landmarks were feasible and could allow for efficient outflow control in laparoscopic hepatectomy.

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Reviews, Commentaries, etc. 【 Display / hide

Research Projects of Competitive Funds, etc. 【 Display / hide

  • 肝移植患者の腸内細菌叢が肝障害を惹起する

    2023.04
    -
    2026.03

    基盤研究(C), Principal investigator

 

Courses Taught 【 Display / hide

  • ADVANCED MEDICAL TECHNOLOGIES

    2023

  • ADVANCED MEDICAL TECHNOLOGIES

    2022

  • ADVANCED MEDICAL TECHNOLOGIES

    2021

  • ADVANCED MEDICAL TECHNOLOGIES

    2020