正木 克宜 (マサキ カツノリ)

Masaki, Katsunori



医学部 内科学教室(呼吸器) (信濃町)




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  • Impact of accumulative smoking exposure and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease on COVID-19 outcomes: report based on findings from the Japan COVID-19 task force.

    Watase M, Masaki K, Chubachi S, Namkoong H, Tanaka H, Lee H, Fukushima T, Otake S, Nakagawara K, Kusumoto T, Asakura T, Kamata H, Ishii M, Hasegawa N, Oyamada Y, Harada N, Ueda T, Ueda S, Ishiguro T, Arimura K, Saito F, Yoshiyama T, Nakano Y, Mutoh Y, Suzuki Y, Edahiro R, Sano H, Sato Y, Okada Y, Koike R, Kitagawa Y, Tokunaga K, Kimura A, Imoto S, Miyano S, Ogawa S, Kanai T, Fukunaga K, Japan COVID-19 Task Force

    International journal of infectious diseases : IJID : official publication of the International Society for Infectious Diseases 128   121 - 127 2022年12月

    ISSN  1201-9712

  • Characteristics of hospitalized patients with COVID-19 during the first to fifth waves of infection: a report from the Japan COVID-19 Task Force

    Lee H., Chubachi S., Namkoong H., Asakura T., Tanaka H., Otake S., Nakagawara K., Morita A., Fukushima T., Watase M., Kusumoto T., Masaki K., Kamata H., Ishii M., Hasegawa N., Harada N., Ueda T., Ueda S., Ishiguro T., Arimura K., Saito F., Yoshiyama T., Nakano Y., Mutoh Y., Suzuki Y., Murakami K., Okada Y., Koike R., Kitagawa Y., Kimura A., Imoto S., Miyano S., Ogawa S., Kanai T., Fukunaga K.

    BMC infectious diseases (BMC infectious diseases)  22 ( 1 ) 935 2022年12月


    BACKGROUND: We aimed to elucidate differences in the characteristics of patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) requiring hospitalization in Japan, by COVID-19 waves, from conventional strains to the Delta variant. METHODS: We used secondary data from a database and performed a retrospective cohort study that included 3261 patients aged ≥ 18 years enrolled from 78 hospitals that participated in the Japan COVID-19 Task Force between February 2020 and September 2021. RESULTS: Patients hospitalized during the second (mean age, 53.2 years [standard deviation {SD}, ± 18.9]) and fifth (mean age, 50.7 years [SD ± 13.9]) COVID-19 waves had a lower mean age than those hospitalized during the other COVID-19 waves. Patients hospitalized during the first COVID-19 wave had a longer hospital stay (mean, 30.3 days [SD ± 21.5], p < 0.0001), and post-hospitalization complications, such as bacterial infections (21.3%, p < 0.0001), were also noticeable. In addition, there was an increase in the use of drugs such as remdesivir/baricitinib/tocilizumab/steroids during the latter COVID-19 waves. In the fifth COVID-19 wave, patients exhibited a greater number of presenting symptoms, and a higher percentage of patients required oxygen therapy at the time of admission. However, the percentage of patients requiring invasive mechanical ventilation was the highest in the first COVID-19 wave and the mortality rate was the highest in the third COVID-19 wave. CONCLUSIONS: We identified differences in clinical characteristics of hospitalized patients with COVID-19 in each COVID-19 wave up to the fifth COVID-19 wave in Japan. The fifth COVID-19 wave was associated with greater disease severity on admission, the third COVID-19 wave had the highest mortality rate, and the first COVID-19 wave had the highest percentage of patients requiring mechanical ventilation.

  • The whole blood transcriptional regulation landscape in 465 COVID-19 infected samples from Japan COVID-19 Task Force

    Wang Q.S., Edahiro R., Namkoong H., Hasegawa T., Shirai Y., Sonehara K., Tanaka H., Lee H., Saiki R., Hyugaji T., Shimizu E., Katayama K., Kanai M., Naito T., Sasa N., Yamamoto K., Kato Y., Morita T., Takahashi K., Harada N., Naito T., Hiki M., Matsushita Y., Takagi H., Ichikawa M., Nakamura A., Harada S., Sandhu Y., Kabata H., Masaki K., Kamata H., Ikemura S., Chubachi S., Okamori S., Terai H., Morita A., Asakura T., Sasaki J., Morisaki H., Uwamino Y., Nanki K., Uchida S., Uno S., Nishimura T., Ishiguro T., Isono T., Shibata S., Matsui Y., Hosoda C., Takano K., Nishida T., Kobayashi Y., Takaku Y., Takayanagi N., Ueda S., Tada A., Miyawaki M., Yamamoto M., Yoshida E., Hayashi R., Nagasaka T., Arai S., Kaneko Y., Sasaki K., Tagaya E., Kawana M., Arimura K., Takahashi K., Anzai T., Ito S., Endo A., Uchimura Y., Miyazaki Y., Honda T., Tateishi T., Tohda S., Ichimura N., Sonobe K., Sassa C.T., Nakajima J., Nakano Y., Nakajima Y., Anan R., Arai R., Kurihara Y., Harada Y., Nishio K., Ueda T., Azuma M., Saito R., Sado T., Miyazaki Y., Sato R., Haruta Y., Nagasaki T., Yasui Y., Hasegawa Y., Mutoh Y., Kimura T., Sato T.

    Nature Communications (Nature Communications)  13 ( 1 ) 4830 2022年12月


    Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a recently-emerged infectious disease that has caused millions of deaths, where comprehensive understanding of disease mechanisms is still unestablished. In particular, studies of gene expression dynamics and regulation landscape in COVID-19 infected individuals are limited. Here, we report on a thorough analysis of whole blood RNA-seq data from 465 genotyped samples from the Japan COVID-19 Task Force, including 359 severe and 106 non-severe COVID-19 cases. We discover 1169 putative causal expression quantitative trait loci (eQTLs) including 34 possible colocalizations with biobank fine-mapping results of hematopoietic traits in a Japanese population, 1549 putative causal splice QTLs (sQTLs; e.g. two independent sQTLs at TOR1AIP1), as well as biologically interpretable trans-eQTL examples (e.g., REST and STING1), all fine-mapped at single variant resolution. We perform differential gene expression analysis to elucidate 198 genes with increased expression in severe COVID-19 cases and enriched for innate immune-related functions. Finally, we evaluate the limited but non-zero effect of COVID-19 phenotype on eQTL discovery, and highlight the presence of COVID-19 severity-interaction eQTLs (ieQTLs; e.g., CLEC4C and MYBL2). Our study provides a comprehensive catalog of whole blood regulatory variants in Japanese, as well as a reference for transcriptional landscapes in response to COVID-19 infection.

  • Clinical clustering with prognostic implications in Japanese COVID-19 patients: report from Japan COVID-19 Task Force, a nation-wide consortium to investigate COVID-19 host genetics

    Otake S., Chubachi S., Namkoong H., Nakagawara K., Tanaka H., Lee H., Morita A., Fukushima T., Watase M., Kusumoto T., Masaki K., Kamata H., Ishii M., Hasegawa N., Harada N., Ueda T., Ueda S., Ishiguro T., Arimura K., Saito F., Yoshiyama T., Nakano Y., Mutoh Y., Suzuki Y., Murakami K., Okada Y., Koike R., Kitagawa Y., Kimura A., Imoto S., Miyano S., Ogawa S., Kanai T., Fukunaga K.

    BMC Infectious Diseases (BMC Infectious Diseases)  22 ( 1 ) 735 2022年12月


    Background: The clinical course of coronavirus disease (COVID-19) is diverse, and the usefulness of phenotyping in predicting the severity or prognosis of the disease has been demonstrated overseas. This study aimed to investigate clinically meaningful phenotypes in Japanese COVID-19 patients using cluster analysis. Methods: From April 2020 to May 2021, data from inpatients aged ≥ 18 years diagnosed with COVID-19 and who agreed to participate in the study were collected. A total of 1322 Japanese patients were included. Hierarchical cluster analysis was performed using variables reported to be associated with COVID-19 severity or prognosis, namely, age, sex, obesity, smoking history, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, malignancy, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, hyperuricemia, cardiovascular disease, chronic liver disease, and chronic kidney disease. Results: Participants were divided into four clusters: Cluster 1, young healthy (n = 266, 20.1%); Cluster 2, middle-aged (n = 245, 18.5%); Cluster 3, middle-aged obese (n = 435, 32.9%); and Cluster 4, elderly (n = 376, 28.4%). In Clusters 3 and 4, sore throat, dysosmia, and dysgeusia tended to be less frequent, while shortness of breath was more frequent. Serum lactate dehydrogenase, ferritin, KL-6, d-dimer, and C-reactive protein levels tended to be higher in Clusters 3 and 4. Although Cluster 3 had a similar age as Cluster 2, it tended to have poorer outcomes. Both Clusters 3 and 4 tended to exhibit higher rates of oxygen supplementation, intensive care unit admission, and mechanical ventilation, but the mortality rate tended to be lower in Cluster 3. Conclusions: We have successfully performed the first phenotyping of COVID-19 patients in Japan, which is clinically useful in predicting important outcomes, despite the simplicity of the cluster analysis method that does not use complex variables.

  • Effects of mild obesity on outcomes in Japanese patients with COVID-19: a nationwide consortium to investigate COVID-19 host genetics

    Lee H., Chubachi S., Namkoong H., Tanaka H., Otake S., Nakagawara K., Morita A., Fukushima T., Watase M., Kusumoto T., Masaki K., Kamata H., Ishii M., Hasegawa N., Harada N., Ueda T., Ueda S., Ishiguro T., Arimura K., Saito F., Yoshiyama T., Nakano Y., Mutoh Y., Suzuki Y., Murakami K., Okada Y., Koike R., Kitagawa Y., Kimura A., Imoto S., Miyano S., Ogawa S., Kanai T., Fukunaga K.

    Nutrition and Diabetes (Nutrition and Diabetes)  12 ( 1 ) 38 2022年12月


    Background: Obesity is reported to be a risk factor for severe disease in patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). However, there are no specific reports on the risk of severe disease according to body mass index (BMI) in Japan. Thus, this study aimed to investigate the effect of obesity stratified by BMI on the severity of COVID-19 in the general Japanese population. Methods: From February 2020 to May 2021, 1 837 patients aged ≥18 years were enrolled in the Japan COVID-19 Task Force. Patients with known BMI and disease severity were analyzed. Severity was defined as critical if the patient was treated in the intensive care unit, required invasive mechanical ventilation, or died. Results: Class 1 obesity (25.0 ≤ BMI < 30.0 kg/m2), class 2 obesity (30.0 ≤ BMI < 35.0 kg/m2), and class 3 or 4 obesity (BMI ≥ 35 kg/m2) were present in 29%, 8%, and 3% of the cases, respectively. Multiple logistic regression analysis with known risk factors for critical illness indicated that class 2 obesity was an independent risk factor for oxygenation (adjusted odds ratio, 4.75) and critical cases (adjusted odds ratio, 1.81). Class 1 obesity and class 3 or 4 obesity were independent risk factors for oxygen administration (adjusted odds ratios 2.01 and 3.12, respectively), but not for critical cases. However, no differences in the mortality rates were observed between the BMI classes (P = 0.5104). Conclusion: Obesity is a risk factor for respiratory failure in Japanese patients with COVID-19, regardless of the degree of obesity. However, it may not cause severe COVID-19 in a dose–response relationship with BMI. COVID-19 patients with mild obesity may benefit from aggressive intensive care.

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  • How Can Dupilumab Cause Eosinophilic Pneumonia?

    Kurihara M., Masaki K., Matsuyama E., Fujioka M., Hayashi R., Tomiyasu S., Sasahara K., Sunata K., Asaoka M., Akiyama Y., Nishie M., Irie M., Tanosaki T., Kabata H., Fukunaga K.

    Biomolecules (Biomolecules)  12 ( 12 )  2022年12月


    Reports of eosinophilic pneumonia (EP) as a side effect of dupilumab administration are limited in previous studies. Herein, we report two cases in which EP developed subsequent to the administration of dupilumab for eosinophilic chronic rhinosinusitis (ECRS). Case 1: A 55-year-old woman presented with ECRS, eosinophilic otitis media, and bronchial asthma, and was treated with dupilumab for ECRS. Five weeks later, fever and dyspnea developed, and infiltration shadows were observed in her lungs. The peripheral blood eosinophil count (PBEC) was 3848/μL (26%), bronchoalveolar lavage fluid showed eosinophilic infiltration, and EP was subsequently diagnosed. Her condition improved following prednisolone treatment. Case 2: A 59-year-old man presented with fatigue and dyspnea after receiving dupilumab for ECRS. He had infiltrative shadows throughout his left lung field, and his PBEC was 4850/μL (26.5%). Prednisolone was initiated, and his condition improved. EP developed in both patients during the period of elevated PBEC after dupilumab administration, and dupilumab was suspected to be the causative agent in their EP. Hence, EP should be considered as a differential diagnosis when fever and dyspnea appear following dupilumab administration.

  • スパイロメトリーで中枢気道狭窄パターンを示し、診断・治療に繋がった2例

    古郡 理帆, 松岡 志保, 田邊 晃子, 正木 克宜, 山澤 稚子, 横田 浩充, 松下 弘道

    日本臨床検査医学会誌 ((一社)日本臨床検査医学会)  70 ( 補冊 ) 192 - 192 2022年10月

    ISSN  2436-2727

  • 【シン・アレルギー診療 プライマリ・ケア領域のアレルギーアップデート】薬物療法 抗ヒスタミン薬以外の抗アレルギー薬

    松山 笑子, 正木 克宜

    治療 ((株)南山堂)  104 ( 10 ) 1201 - 1204 2022年10月

    ISSN  0022-5207

  • アレルギー診療スキルアップ講座(No.10) 食物アレルギー 成人編

    正木 克宜

    新薬と臨牀 ((株)医薬情報研究所)  71 ( 9 ) 973 - 979 2022年09月

    ISSN  0559-8672

  • アレルギー診療における抗ヒスタミン薬・汎用薬を見直す 気管支喘息に適応のある抗ヒスタミン薬,鎮咳薬,去痰薬

    林 玲奈, 正木 克宜

    Allos Ergon ((同)クリニコ出版)  2 ( 3 ) 741 - 745 2022年09月

    ISSN  2436-3820

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  • 臨床実習入門