Ertl, Wolfgang



Faculty of Letters, Department of Humanities and Social Science (Philosophy) (Mita)



E-mail Address

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Related Websites

Career 【 Display / hide

  • 1997.11

    Erlangen University, Germany, Department of Philosophy, Wissenschaftlicher Assistent (assistant professor)

  • 2000.10

    University College, London, Centre for Politics, Law and Society, academic visitor

  • 2004.09

    Erlangen University, Germany, Department of Philosophy, Wissenschaftlicher Oberassistent (associate professor)

  • 2012.04

    Humboldt University Berlin, Germany, Department of Philosophy, visiting scholar

  • 2012.09

    St Andrews University, UK, Department of Moral Philosophy, visiting fellow

Academic Background 【 Display / hide

  • 1986.10

    Erlangen University, Philosophische Fakultät I, Philosophy

    Germany, Graduate School, Graduated, Master's course

  • 1990.04

    Munich University, Philosophy

    Germany, Other, Master's course

  • 1992.10

    Oxford University, The Queen's College, Philosophy

    United Kingdom, University, Other, Other

  • 1993.10

    Erlangen University, Philosophische Fakultät I, Philosophy

    Germany, Graduate School, Graduated, Doctoral course

Academic Degrees 【 Display / hide

  • MA, Erlangen University, Dissertation, 1992.07

  • Dr. phil., Erlangen University, Dissertation, 1996.08

  • Habilitation, Erlangen University, Dissertation, 2004.06


Research Themes 【 Display / hide

  • Aquinas's Natural Law Theory, 


  • History of Ethics, 


  • Kant's practical and theoretical philosophy, 


  • Contemporary Ethics, 


  • Objectivity in Law and Ethics, 


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Books 【 Display / hide

  • The Guarantee of Perpetual Peace

    Ertl, Wolfgang, Cambridge University Press, 2020.03

     View Summary

    This Element addresses three questions about Kant's guarantee thesis by examining the 'first addendum' of his Philosophical Sketch: how the guarantor powers interrelate, how there can be a guarantee without undermining freedom and why there is a guarantee in the first place. Kant's conception of an interplay of human and divine rational agency encompassing nature is crucial: on moral grounds, we are warranted to believe the 'world author' knew that if he were to bring about the world, the 'supreme' good would come about too. Perpetual peace is the condition that enables the supreme good to be realized in history.

  • David Hume und die Dissertation von 1770. Eine Untersuchung zur Entwicklungsgeschichte der Philosophie Immanuel Kants

    ERTL, Wolfgang, Peter Lang: Frankfurt am Main et al., 1999

  • Kants Aufloesung der "dritten Antinomie". Zur Bedeutung des Schoepfungskonzepts fuer die Freiheitslehre

    ERTL, Wolfgang, Alber: Freiburg and Munich, 1998

Papers 【 Display / hide

  • Preparing the Ground for Kant’s Highest Good in the World

    Ertl W.

    Philosophia (Springer)   2021

    Research paper (scientific journal), Accepted,  ISSN  00483893

     View Summary

    In his new book, Rossi (2019) emphasizes the prominent role of enlightened religion in the political project of establishing perpetual peace. My paper discusses Rossi’s stance on the question as to whether Kant, in his later years, moved to an immanentist conception of the highest good. Kant’s own position in this regard can arguably be better described as comprehensive, according to which an immanent and a transcendent conception of the highest good are upheld as realizable side by side. Rossi’s account looks perfectly consistent with such a view. One of the reasons for such a comprehensive reading is that “immanent” and “secular” do not coincide in Kant in the first place. Seen in this comprehensive way, and while a version of the highest good ought to be realized immanently, we cannot be certain that this will indeed happen. If it does indeed happen, the immortality postulate, which Kant never abandoned, renders it rational to believe that the immanent version of the highest good is merely a step towards its transcendent realization. Affinities of Rossi’s approach to the suggestion that Kant subscribes to a political theology based on what has been called “Molinism minimally defined” will also be explored.

  • The Guarantee of Perpetual Peace in Kant: Remarks on the Relationship between Providence and Nature

    Ertl, Wolfgang

    (De Gruyter)  IV   2539 - 2548 2018

    Research paper (international conference proceedings), Accepted

  • On Christopher Insole’s “Kant and the Creation of Freedom”

    Ertl, Wolfgang


    Research paper (scientific journal), Accepted

  • Die dritte Antinomie und die Unterscheidung von Dingen an sich und Erscheinungen bei Kant

    Ertl, Wolfgang

    Nihon Kant Kenkyu 18   66 - 82 2016

    Research paper (scientific journal), Accepted

  • “Gott", “Theismus/Theist", “Offenbarung", “Gebote, göttliche", “Intelligenz, oberste", “Inspiration", “Ens realissimum", “Götzendienst", “Welturheber, Weltursache", “Wesen, heiliges", “Theosophie", “Theurgie", “Theokratie", “Geschöpf" et al.

    'ERTL,' Wolfgang

    Kant-Lexikon (de Gruyter: Berlin, New York)   2015

    Research paper (research society, symposium materials, etc.), Single Work, Accepted

     View Summary

    forthcoming, online pre-edition available

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Papers, etc., Registered in KOARA 【 Display / hide

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Presentations 【 Display / hide

  • Facets of Kant's Metaphysics of Freedom

    Wolfgang Ertl

    80th Annual Conference of the Philosophical Association of Japan (Online (zoom)) , 2021.05, Oral Presentation(general), The Philosophical Association of Japan

  • Happiness, Holiness and the Transition to Religion. Reflections on Kant’s Second Postulate of Pure Practical Reason

    Wolfgang Ertl

    (Online) , 2021.02, Oral Presentation(key), University of Athens, Greece

  • “Old Lampe needs to have a God” Re-reading Heinrich Heine after the Publication of "Kant: A Biography" in Japanese

    Wolfgang Ertl

    Tokyo Kant Research Group 339th Meeting (Online) , 2021.01, Oral Presentation(guest/special), Tokyo Kant Research Group

  • Varieties of Noumena: The Divine Intellect and the Distinction of Things in Themselves and Appearances in Kant

    Ertl, Wolfgang

    13th International Kant Conference, Oslo (University of Oslo) , 2019.08, Oral Presentation(general), Norwegian Kant Society

  • Kant's Molinism and the Guarantee of Perpetual Peace

    Ertl, Wolfgang

    Pacific Study Group Meeting (University of California, San Diego) , 2019.01, Oral Presentation(guest/special), North American Kant Society

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Research Projects of Competitive Funds, etc. 【 Display / hide

  • The hidden connection between Kant and scholasticism


    MEXT,JSPS, Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research, エアトル, ヴォルフガング, Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (C), Principal Investigator


Courses Taught 【 Display / hide







  • ETHICS 2


  • ETHICS 1


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